Influence of walking and standing crowds on structural dynamic properties
Živanović, Stana, Diaz, I.M. and Pavić, Aleksandar (2009) Influence of walking and standing crowds on structural dynamic properties. In: IMAC XXVII Conference & Exposition on Structural Dynamics, Orlando, FL, U.S.A., Feb 9-12, 2009. Published in: Proceedings of the IMAC XXVIIFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://www.sem.org/Proceedings/ConferencePapers-Pa...
Civil engineering structures that accommodate pedestrians, such as footbridges and floors, could be exposed to excessive vibrations under walking-induced dynamic excitation. Since humans are quite sensitive vibration receivers, this situation leads to pedestrians' interaction with the structure. For laterally moving structure the interaction often forces synchronisation of crowd's walking step with the structural oscillating frequency, leading to a dramatic increase of vibration response; a phenomenon that made the Millennium Bridge in London and Solferino Passerelle in Paris famous, although for unintended reasons. While there is a general understanding that crowd of pedestrians act as negative dampers when walking across laterally moving surface, the interaction of the same crowd with the vertically moving surface is far less understood. This paper aims to shed some light on the latter issue by conducting the modal testing of a footbridge for three different setups: 1) empty structure, 2) bridge occupied by a passive (i.e. standing) crowd and 3) the bridge occupied by an active (i.e. walking) crowd. The dynamic properties of the three systems are then identified and compared. It was found that both crowds increased dampening potential of the structure, with the effect more pronounced for the passive crowd.
|Item Type:||Conference Item (Paper)|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Engineering|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Proceedings of the IMAC XXVII|
|Publisher:||The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc.|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Conserjería de Educación y Ciencia of Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, European Social Fund|
|Grant number:||GR/T03000/01 (EPSRC)|
|Conference Paper Type:||Paper|
|Title of Event:||IMAC XXVII Conference & Exposition on Structural Dynamics|
|Type of Event:||Conference|
|Location of Event:||Orlando, FL, U.S.A.|
|Date(s) of Event:||Feb 9-12, 2009|
Actions (login required)
Downloads per month over past year