Solids flow diagram of a CFB riser using Geldart B-type powders
Mahmoudi, Shiva, Chan, Chian Wen, Brems, Anke, Seville, Jonathan and Baeyens, Jan. (2012) Solids flow diagram of a CFB riser using Geldart B-type powders. Particuology, Vol.10 (No.1). pp. 51-61. ISSN 1674-2001Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.partic.2011.09.002
Riser operating modes are vital to designing a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) reactor for a required process of either a gas-solid or a gas-catalytic nature. Different operating modes provide different solids' residence times and mixing behaviors, which define the reactions' efficiency and yield. The literature demonstrates distinct operating modes resulting from observed differences in slip factors and the range of particle velocities and their associated residence time distribution. The present research uses positron emission particle tracking (PEPT) in a riser of B-type bed material to determine the different operating modes by measuring (i) particle velocities and residence time distribution, (ii) population densities of these particles in the cross-sectional area of the riser, and (iii) solids flow pattern at the bottom of the riser. Data treatment defines four distinct solids hold-up regimes in the riser and proposes a "phase diagram" depicting the existence of the different operating modes (dilute, dense, core-annulus and combined) as a function of the superficial gas velocity and solids circulation flux in the riser. The delineated regimes have good agreement with available literature data and known industrial operations. Comparison with literature data for risers using A-type powders is also fair. The diagram enables CFB designers to better delineate operating characteristics. © 2011 Chinese Society of Particuology and Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Engineering|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Particuology|
|Page Range:||pp. 51-61|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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