Auditory-visual interaction in computer graphics
Hulusić, Vedad (2011) Auditory-visual interaction in computer graphics. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b2578123~S1
Generating high-fidelity images in real-time at reasonable frame rates, still remains one of the main challenges in computer graphics. Furthermore, visuals remain only one of the multiple sensory cues that are required to be delivered simultaneously in a multi-sensory virtual environment. The most frequently used sense, besides vision, in virtual environments and entertainment, is audio. While the rendering community focuses on solving the rendering equation more quickly using various algorithmic and hardware improvements, the exploitation of human limitations to assist in this process remain largely unexplored. Many findings in the research literature prove the existence of physical and psychological limitations of humans, including attentional, perceptual and limitations of the Human Sensory System (HSS). Knowledge of the Human Visual System (HVS) may be exploited in computer graphics to significantly reduce rendering times without the viewer being aware of any resultant image quality difference. Furthermore, cross-modal effects, that is the influence of one sensory input on another, for example sound and visuals, have also recently been shown to have a substantial impact on viewer perception of virtual environment. In this thesis, auditory-visual cross-modal interaction research findings have been investigated and adapted to graphics rendering purposes. The results from five psychophysical experiments, involving 233 participants, showed that, even in the realm of computer graphics, there is a strong relationship between vision and audition in both spatial and temporal domains. The first experiment, investigating the auditory-visual cross-modal interaction within spatial domain, showed that unrelated sound effects reduce perceived rendering quality threshold. In the following experiments, the effect of audio on temporal visual perception was investigated. The results obtained indicate that audio with certain beat rates can be used in order to reduce the amount of rendering required to achieve a perceptual high quality. Furthermore, introducing the sound effect of footsteps to walking animations increased the visual smoothness perception. These results suggest that for certain conditions the number of frames that need to be rendered each second can be reduced, saving valuable computation time, without the viewer being aware of this reduction. This is another step towards a comprehensive understanding of auditory-visual cross-modal interaction and its use in high-fidelity interactive multi-sensory virtual environments.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||T Technology > T Technology (General)|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Real-time rendering (Computer graphics), Computer graphics -- Psychological aspects|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||School of Engineering|
|Sponsors:||University of Warwick|
|Extent:||xix, 172 leaves : ill., charts|
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