A trio of metal-rich dust and gas discs found orbiting candidate white dwarfs with K-band excess
Farihi, J., Gaensicke, B. T., Steele, P. R., Girven, Jonathan, Burleigh, M. R., Breedt, E. and Koester, Detlev. (2012) A trio of metal-rich dust and gas discs found orbiting candidate white dwarfs with K-band excess. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol.421 (No.2). pp. 1635-1643. ISSN 0035-8711Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20421.x
This paper reports follow-up photometric and spectroscopic observations, including warm Spitzer IRAC photometry of seven white dwarfs from the SDSS with apparent excess flux in UKIDSS K-band observations. Six of the science targets were selected from 16785 DA star candidates identified either spectroscopically or photometrically within SDSS DR7, spatially cross-correlated with HK detections in UKIDSS DR8. Thus, the selection criteria are completely independent of stellar mass, effective temperature above 8000K and the presence (or absence) of atmospheric metals. The infrared fluxes of one target are compatible with a spatially unresolved late M or early L-type companion, while three stars exhibit excess emissions consistent with warm circumstellar dust. These latter targets have spectral energy distributions similar to known dusty white dwarfs with high fractional infrared luminosities (thus the K-band excesses). Optical spectroscopy reveals the stars with disc-like excesses are polluted with heavy elements, denoting the ongoing accretion of circumstellar material. One of the discs exhibits a gaseous component - the fourth reported to date - and orbits a relatively cool star, indicating the gas is produced via collisions as opposed to sublimation, supporting the picture of a recent event. The resulting statistics yield a lower limit of 0.8 per cent for the fraction dust discs at DA-type white dwarfs with cooling ages less than 1Gyr. Two overall results are noteworthy: (i) all stars whose excess infrared emission is consistent with dust are metal rich and (ii) no stars warmer than 25000K are found to have this type of excess, despite sufficient sensitivity. © 2012 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 RAS.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Physics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society|
|Page Range:||pp. 1635-1643|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
Actions (login required)