Tagging multiple emotional stimuli : negative valence has little benefit
Watson, Derrick G. and Blagrove, Elisabeth. (2012) Tagging multiple emotional stimuli : negative valence has little benefit. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol.38 (No.3). pp. 785-803. ISSN 0096-1523
WRAP_Watson_200812-watson_hpp2010_1892_accepted.pdf - Accepted Version
Download (683Kb) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0026730
Six experiments examined the influence of emotional valence on the tagging and enumeration of multiple targets. Experiments 1, 5 and 6 found that there was no difference in the efficiency of tagging/enumerating multiple negative or positive stimuli. Experiment 2 showed that, when neutral-expression face distractors were present, enumerating negative targets was faster overall, but was only more efficient for small numbers of targets. Experiments 3 and 4 determined that this negative target advantage was most likely caused by increased attentional guidance to negatively-valenced stimuli and was not based on simple visual feature differences. The findings suggest that a multiple-target negative stimulus advantage will only occur under conditions of attentional competition, and for relatively small numbers of targets. The results are discussed in relation to theories of multiple- and single-item processing, threat-priority mechanisms, and the types of representations that support different attentional tasks.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Psychological tests -- Design and construction, Emotions, Facial expression -- Testing, Searching behavior|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance|
|Publisher:||American Psychological Association|
|Page Range:||pp. 785-803|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
Atkinson, J., Campbell, F. W., & Francis, M. R. (1976). The magic number 4_0: A new look at visual numerosity judgments. Perception, 5, 327– 334.
Actions (login required)