Salt intake of the Slovene population assessed by 24 h urinary sodium excretion
Ribic, Cirila Hlastan, Zakotnik, Jozica Maucec, Vertnik, Lidija, Vegnuti, Miljana and Cappuccio, Francesco P.. (2010) Salt intake of the Slovene population assessed by 24 h urinary sodium excretion. Public Health Nutrition, Vol.13 (No.11). pp. 1803-1809. ISSN 1368-9800Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001000025X
Objective: To investigate average sodium excretion in 24 h urine as a marker for salt intake in the Slovene population.
Design: Salt intake was determined by measuring sodium excretion in 24 h urine collected from a representative sample of geographically diverse Slovene adults.
Subjects: A random sample of 600 adults aged 25-65 years was generated from census data. The effective sample yield was 143 people, 42.7% men and 57.3% women.
Results: Urinary sodium excretion was significantly higher in men (220.9 (SD 86.0) mmol Na/d) than in women (169.8 (SD 73.8) mmol Na/d); t test = 14.5, P < 0.001. Average salt intake was 11.3 (SD 4.9) g/d, higher in men than in women (13.0 (SD 5.1) v. 9.9 (SD 4.3) g/d, respectively). Average intakes of salt among regions were not significantly different. Salt intake increases slightly with increasing age, but there was no significant correlation between age and salt intake. Salt intake was increased with BMI (r = 0.384, P < 0.001).
Conclusions: Salt intake in Slovene adults, especially in men, exceeds the WHO recommended population nutrient intake goal of 5 g by more than twofold. A national programme for reducing salt intake in Slovenia needs to be implemented through systematic efforts including public education and involving the health-care sector and the food industry.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Translational & Systems Medicine > Metabolic and Vascular Health
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Journal or Publication Title:||Public Health Nutrition|
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press|
|Official Date:||November 2010|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 1803-1809|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Ministry of Health of the Republic of Slovenia|
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