Epidemiologic inference from the distribution of tuberculosis cases in households in Lima, Peru
Brooks-Pollock, Ellen, Becerra, M. C., Goldstein, E., Cohen, T. and Murray, M. B.. (2011) Epidemiologic inference from the distribution of tuberculosis cases in households in Lima, Peru. Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol.203 (No.11). pp. 1582-1589. ISSN 0022-1899Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jir162
Background : Tuberculosis (TB) often occurs among household contacts of people with active TB. It is unclear whether clustering of cases represents household transmission or shared household risk factors for TB.
Methods : We used cross-sectional data from 764 households in Lima, Peru, to estimate the relative contributions of household and community transmission, the average time between cases, and the immunity afforded by a previous TB infection.
Results : The distribution of cases per household suggests that almost 7 of 10 nonindex household cases were infected in the community rather than in the household. The average interval between household cases was 3.5 years. We observed a saturation effect in the number of cases per household and estimated that protective immunity conferred up to 35% reduction in the risk of disease.
Conclusions : Cross-sectional household data can elucidate the natural history and transmission dynamics of TB. In this high-incidence setting, we found that the majority of cases were attributable to community transmission and that household contacts of case patients derive some immunity from household exposures. Screening of household contacts may be an effective method of detecting new TB cases if carried out over several years.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Mathematics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Number of Pages:||8|
|Page Range:||pp. 1582-1589|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||National Institutes of Health (NIH), Charles H. Hood Foundation|
|Grant number:||U19 AI0176217|
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