The diffusion of new process innovations in U.K. manufacturing industries
Davies, Stephen, 1948- (1975) The diffusion of new process innovations in U.K. manufacturing industries. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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This thesis comprises a theoretical and empirical study of the spread
of new techniques within industry (the so-called diffusion process.) The
major aim has been to provide an economic explanation for differences
between industries in the speed with which they adopt new techniques or
The theoretical underpinning of the study is a general model of the
diffusion process based on an explicit theory of individual firms' decision
making behaviour in this context. This model is built around the discussions
of the early chapters on the technological characteristics of new process
innovations and the results of past work on the nature of the adoption
decision at the firm level.
The empirical part of the thesis is concerned with testing the various
predictions generated by the model using data collected on the diffusion
of 22 major innovations in various U.K. industries since the war. A
number of hypotheses appear to be confirmed: at the individual firm level,
behaviour is partly determined by the firm's size; at the industry level,
competitive structure and aggregate demand conditions appear to influence
the speed of diffusion, and further, the characteristics of the innovations
themselves affect not only the speed of diffusion but also the shape of the
diffusion growth curve.
The thesis constitutes the first large scale empirical study of diffusion
in the U.K. industry. Theoretically, it provides the first model of diffusion
to be based on economic decision making rather than the mechanistic models
of epidemics which have been used previously in this area.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Diffusion of innovations, Manufacturing industries -- Great Britain, Manufacturing industries -- Decision making|
|Official Date:||September 1975|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Department of Economics|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Pyatt, Graham, 1936-|
Published as: Davies, S. Diffusion of process innovations. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1979.
|Extent:||viii,  leaves : charts|
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