Multilocus sequence typing identifies evidence for recombination and two distinct lineages of corynebacterium diphtheriae
Bolt, Frances, Cassiday, Pamela, Tondella, Maria Lucia, DeZoysa, Aruni, Efstratiou, Androulla, Sing, Andreas, Zasada, Aleksandra, Bernard, Kathryn, Guiso, Nicole, Badell, Edgar, Rosso, Marie-Laure, Baldwin, Adam and Dowson, Christopher G.. (2010) Multilocus sequence typing identifies evidence for recombination and two distinct lineages of corynebacterium diphtheriae. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Vol.48 (No.11). pp. 4177-4185. ISSN 0095-1137Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00274-10
We describe the development of a multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme for Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the causative agent of the potentially fatal upper respiratory disease diphtheria. Global changes in diphtheria epidemiology are highlighted by the recent epidemic in the former Soviet Union (FSU) and also by the emergence of nontoxigenic strains causing atypical disease. Although numerous techniques have been developed to characterize C. diphtheriae, their use is hindered by limited portability and, in some instances, poor reproducibility. One hundred fifty isolates from 18 countries and encompassing a period of 50 years were analyzed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Strain discrimination was in accordance with previous ribotyping data, and clonal complexes associated with disease outbreaks were clearly identified by MLST. The data produced are portable, reproducible, and unambiguous. The MLST scheme described provides a valuable tool for monitoring and characterizing endemic and epidemic C. diphtheriae strains. Furthermore, multilocus sequence analysis of the nucleotide data reveals two distinct lineages within the population of C. diphtheriae examined, one of which is composed exclusively of biotype belfanti isolates and the other of multiple biotypes.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Biological Sciences ( -2010)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Clinical Microbiology|
|Publisher:||American Society of Microbiology|
|Official Date:||November 2010|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||pp. 4177-4185|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (Great Britain) (BBSRC), Micropathology LTD, Society for General Microbiology at Warwick University|
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