Predictors of employment in bipolar disorder : a systematic review
Gilbert, Eleanor and Marwaha, Steven. (2013) Predictors of employment in bipolar disorder : a systematic review. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol.145 (No.2). pp. 156-164. ISSN 0165-0327
WRAP_Marwaha_Predictors of employment in BD A systematic review.pdf - Accepted Version
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2012.07.009
Severe work impairment can be present for a considerable proportion of the course of bipolar disorder (BD) and is costly for governments, services and individuals. Understanding predictors of employment in BD is therefore crucial as some may be susceptible to interventions. We conducted a systematic review of prospective studies in order to identify predictors of employment in people with BD.
We searched Medline, PsychInfo, EMBASE and Web of Science databases, hand searched 3 journals and used predetermined criteria to select papers for full text inclusion. Sixty seven papers were identified. Nine met inclusion criteria, with a total sample of 3184.
Studies included in this review identified cognitive deficits (67%, n=4), depression (43%, n=3) and level of education (33%, n=2) as predictors of employment in BD patients. Bipolar depression not only affects whether someone is employed but also time off work. Even sub-syndromal depression appears to damage employment prospects. Verbal memory and executive functioning appear to be predictors of work functioning.
Conclusions are based on a relatively small number of studies and are therefore subject to change with the addition of further studies. A formal meta-regression was not possible due to differences between measures of employment and work functioning.
Better assessment and management of depression and cognitive difficulties could improve the occupational functioning of BD patients. There is a need for high quality longitudinal studies specifically designed to investigate predictors of employment in large bipolar disorder samples.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Mental Health and Wellbeing|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Manic-depressive illness -- Patients -- Employment|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Affective Disorders|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Official Date:||20 February 2013|
|Page Range:||pp. 156-164|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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