Statin therapy in critical illness : an international survey of intensive care physicians' opinions, attitudes and practice
Shankar-Hari, Manu, Kruger, Peter S., Di Gangi, Stefania, Scales, Damon C., Perkins, Gavin D., McAuley, Danny F. and Terblanche, Marius. (2012) Statin therapy in critical illness : an international survey of intensive care physicians' opinions, attitudes and practice. BMC Clinical Pharmacology, Vol.12 (No.1). p. 13. ISSN 1472-6904
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6904-12-13
Pleotropic effects of statins on inflammation are hypothesised to attenuate the severity of and possibly prevent the occurrence of the host inflammatory response to pathogen and infection-related acute organ failure. We conducted an international survey of intensive care physicians in Australia, New Zealand (ANZ) and United Kingdom (UK). The aims of the survey were to assess the current prescribing practice patterns, attitudes towards prescribing statin therapy in critically ill patients and opinions on the need for an interventional trial of statin therapy in critically ill patients.
Survey questions were developed through an iterative process. An expert group reviewed the resulting 26 items for face and content validity and clarity. The questions were further refined following pilot testing by ICU physicians from Australia, Canada and the UK. We used the online Smart SurveyTM software to administer the survey.
Of 239 respondents (62 from ANZ and 177 from UK) 58% worked in teaching hospitals; most (78.2%) practised in ‘closed’ units with a mixed medical and surgical case mix (71.0%). The most frequently prescribed statins were simvastatin (77.6%) in the UK and atorvastatin (66.1%) in ANZ. The main reasons cited to explain the choice of statin were preadmission prescription and pharmacy availability. Most respondents reported never starting statins to prevent (65.3%) or treat (89.1%) organ dysfunction. Only a minority (10%) disagreed with a statement that the risks of major side effects of statins when prescribed in critically ill patients were low. The majority (84.5%) of respondents strongly agreed that a clinical trial of statins for prevention is needed. More than half (56.5%) favoured rates of organ failure as the primary outcome for such a trial, while a minority (40.6%) favoured mortality.
Despite differences in type of statins prescribed, critical care physicians in the UK and ANZ reported similar prescription practices. Respondents from both communities agreed that a trial is needed to test whether statins can prevent the onset of new organ failure in patients with sepsis.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Statins (Cardiovascular agents), Critical care medicine|
|Journal or Publication Title:||BMC Clinical Pharmacology|
|Publisher:||Bio Med Central|
|Page Range:||p. 13|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Funder:||Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), National Institute for Health Research (Great Britain) (NIHR)|
1. Levy MM, Fink MP, Marshall JC, Abraham E, Angus D, Cook D, Cohen J, Opal SM,
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