Egypt, Rome and Aegyptophilia : rethinking Egypt's relationship with ancient Rome through material culture
Mackenzie, Vanessa E. (2011) Egypt, Rome and Aegyptophilia : rethinking Egypt's relationship with ancient Rome through material culture. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b2583214~S1
This thesis is concerned to demonstrate that Egypt had an important part to
play in the formation of the Roman empire. There is a tendency for Classical
scholarship to discuss Rome’s relationship with Egypt in terms which fall very far
short of the way in which Rome’s encounters with Greek culture are treated.
Within scholarship today, any perceived problems with Egypt are still often overstated,
while any respect which the Romans may have held for Egyptian culture
is dismissed, underplayed or only grudgingly accepted.
I intend to re-appraise certain aspects of Egyptian/Egyptianising material
culture in order to demonstrate that while some areas of the Roman literary
corpus are scattered with apparently derogatory remarks about Egypt, the
material evidence tells a quite different story. The aim of this thesis is to
examine Egyptian/Egyptianising material culture in order to put the evidence of
written texts into a fuller cultural context and perspective. I shall take a
chronological approach and intend to focus primarily on artefacts found in the
public sphere. The exception will be Chapter Four in which I shall discuss
notions about Egypt in the private sphere. The final Chapter will conclude with
Hadrian’s era in which the Villa at Tivoli may be seen as an expression of the
merging of aspects of both public and private.
Octavian’s so-called ‘propaganda’ campaign is central to the question of how
scholarship deals with encounters between Egypt and Rome. After Egypt’s
incorporation into the new empire of Rome, it was not in Octavian’s interests to
continue a hostile disparagement of the country, given his status as pharaoh. I
will argue that Octavian set in motion a rehabilitation of the country’s reputation
by a policy of appeasement towards Egypt and by incorporating aspects of
Egypt’s culture into Rome. It is my contention that Egypt had a greater role to
play in the ideology of Rome’s empire, particularly through its first Emperor, than
modern scholarship allows. I conclude that the ‘question of Egypt’ while
complex, fluid and often contradictory, nevertheless was very much less
negative than modern scholarship portrays.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D051 Ancient History|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Egypt -- Antiquities, Rome -- Civilization -- Foreign influences|
|Official Date:||December 2011|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Department of Classics and Ancient History|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Newby, Zahra ; Cooley, Alison|
|Extent:||xv, 349 leaves : ill.|
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