Implications of new sustainable greenhouse systems for pests, diseases and biological control : a modelling approach using Oidium neolycopersici and Tetranychus urticae
White, Sacha D. (2012) Implications of new sustainable greenhouse systems for pests, diseases and biological control : a modelling approach using Oidium neolycopersici and Tetranychus urticae. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b2583528~S1
Concerns regarding carbon emissions, increasing demands on water supplies and
environmental pollution have meant that the European protected horticulture industry is
being challenged to develop more sustainable greenhouse climate management systems.
These new systems can however potentially impact on pest and disease (P & D)
pressures and the efficacy of biological control agents (BCAs). This thesis aimed to use
a combination of experimental work and simulation models to compare novel and
traditional greenhouse climate management scenarios in Spain and the Netherlands
using two model P & D systems. These were Oidium neolycopersici (powdery mildew)
and its BCA, Bacillus subtilis, on tomato, and Tetranychus urticae (the two-spotted
spider mite) and its BCA, Phytoseiulus persimilis, on ornamentals.
Experiments showed that latent period, disease development and sporulation of Oidium
neolycopersici were strongly influenced by temperatures between 10-33°C and that the
control efficacy of B. subtilis was significantly influenced by temperature and humidity
in the ranges 10-33°C and 50-95% RH. The functional response of P. persimilis was
found to be significantly affected by ambient humidities of 57-99% RH, with predation
highest at 85% RH and lowest below 76% RH. These results, in combination with
existing data, were used to construct dynamic P & D models.
A greenhouse climate model, based on observed temperatures in European greenhouses,
was constructed to provide data on the diurnal and seasonal variation in temperature and
humidity for different climate management scenarios. The predictions from the P & D
models allowed climate control regimes in different greenhouses in Spain and the
Netherlands to be identified, which minimised P & D pressures and maximised the
efficacy of the BCAs. The implications of these findings for greenhouse climate
management are discussed.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > SB Plant culture|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Greenhouse management, Sustainable agriculture, Biological pest control agents -- Climatic factors|
|Official Date:||May 2012|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||School of Life Sciences|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Skirvin, Dave ; Clarkson, John David Spencer|
|Sponsors:||European Union (EU)|
|Extent:||xx, 248 leaves : charts|
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