Medroxyprogesterone at high altitude. The effects on blood gases, cerebral regional oxygenation, and acute mountain sickness
Wright, A. D., Beazley, M. F., Bradwell, A. R., Chesner, I. M., Clayton, R. N., Forster, P. J., Hillenbrand, P. and Imray, C. (Chris). (2004) Medroxyprogesterone at high altitude. The effects on blood gases, cerebral regional oxygenation, and acute mountain sickness. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, Vol.15 (No.1). pp. 25-31. ISSN 1080-6032Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://lib.bioinfo.pl/paper:15040503
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of medroxyprogesterone on blood gases and cerebral regional oxygenation at high altitude, alone and in conjunction with acetazolamide, and to assess the effect on acute mountain sickness (AMS). DESIGN Two placebo-controlled trials during rapid ascent to high altitude. PARTICIPANTS In the first trial, 20 participants, and in the second trial, 24 participants. SETTING During rapid ascent to 4680 m and on rapid ascent to 5200 m. INTERVENTION In the first trial, participants were randomized to receive medroxyprogesterone 30 mg or a placebo twice a day. In the second trial, participants were randomly assigned to one of 4 groups: a placebo twice daily, medroxyprogesterone 30 mg twice daily, acetazolamide 250 mg plus a placebo twice daily, or acetazolamide 250 mg plus medroxyprogesterone 30 mg twice daily. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Blood gas changes and symptom scores of AMS in both trials and cerebral regional oxygen saturations in the first trial only. RESULTS Medroxyprogesterone improved peripheral oxygen saturations in both trials and improved PaO2 in combination with acetazolamide. Cerebral regional oxygen saturation was not altered by medroxyprogesterone. The reduction in symptom scores and in the extent of AMS was not significant in this limited study. CONCLUSIONS Medroxyprogesterone acts as a respiratory stimulant, but the clinical benefit regarding the development of AMS was unproven at high altitude. Combined medroxyprogesterone and acetazolamide gave the best PaO2.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Metabolic and Vascular Health
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Journal or Publication Title:||Wilderness & Environmental Medicine|
|Page Range:||pp. 25-31|
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