Effects of breathing air containing 3% carbon dioxide, 35% oxygen or a mixture of 3% carbon dioxide/35% oxygen on cerebral and peripheral oxygenation at 150 m and 3459 m.
Imray, C. (Chris), Walsh, S., Clarke, T., Tiivas, C., Hoar, H., Harvey, T. C., Chan, C. W. M., Forster, P. J. G., Bradwell, A. R. and Wright, A. D.. (2003) Effects of breathing air containing 3% carbon dioxide, 35% oxygen or a mixture of 3% carbon dioxide/35% oxygen on cerebral and peripheral oxygenation at 150 m and 3459 m. Clinical Science, Vol.104 (No.3). pp. 203-10. ISSN 0143-5221Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://www.clinsci.org/cs/104/0203/cs1040203.htm
The effects of gas mixtures comprising supplementary 3% carbon dioxide, 35% oxygen or a combination of 3% CO(2) plus 35% O(2) in ambient air have been compared on arterial blood gases, peripheral and cerebral oxygenation and middle cerebral artery velocity (MCAV) at 150 m and on acute exposure to 3459 m in 12 healthy subjects. Breathing 3% CO(2) or 35% O(2) increased arterial blood oxygen at both altitudes, and the CO(2)/O(2) combination resulted in the most marked rise. MCAV increased on ascent to 3459 m, increasing further with 3% CO(2) and decreasing with 35% O(2) at both altitudes. The CO(2)/O(2) combination resulted in an increase in MCAV at 150 m, but not at 3549 m. Cerebral regional oxygenation fell on ascent to 3459 m. Breathing 3% CO(2) or 35% O(2) increased cerebral oxygenation at both altitudes, and the CO(2)/O(2) combination resulted in the greatest rise at both altitudes. The combination also resulted in significant rises in cutaneous and muscle oxygenation at 3459 m. The key role of carbon dioxide in oxygenation at altitude is confirmed, and the importance of this gas for tissue oxygenation is demonstrated.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Metabolic and Vascular Health
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Journal or Publication Title:||Clinical Science|
|Official Date:||March 2003|
|Page Range:||pp. 203-10|
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