The residence time distribution and mixing of the gas phase in the riser of a circulating fluidized bed
Mahmoudi, S., Seville, J. P. K. (Jonathan P. K.) and Baeyens, J.. (2010) The residence time distribution and mixing of the gas phase in the riser of a circulating fluidized bed. Powder Technology, Vol.203 (No.2). pp. 322-330. ISSN 0032-5910Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2010.05.024
CFBs are increasingly used for both gas-catalytic and gas-solid reactions. The conversion is a function of the gas hydrodynamics, subject of the present research. Available literature on the gas mixing in the riser of a CFB shows contradictory results: some investigators neglected back-mixing of gas, whereas others report a considerable amount of back-mixing in CFB risers. The present paper reports experimental findings obtained in a 0.1 m I.D. riser, for a wide range of combined superficial gas velocity (U) and solid circulation flux (G). The gas flow mode (plug vs. mixed) is strongly affected by the operating conditions, however with a dominant mode within a specific (U, G)-range. Sand was used as bed material. The superficial gas velocity was varied from 5.5 to 8.3 m/s, the solids circulation flux was between 40 and 170 kg/m(2) S. A tracer pulse response technique was used with a pulse of propane injected at the bottom and detected at the riser exit. The cumulative response curves, F(t), define (i) an average residence time (t(50)) obtained for F(t) = 0.5; and (ii) the slope of the curves (a steeper one corresponding with more pronounced plug flow) and expressed in terms of a span, sigma. These parameters (t(50) and sigma) define the gas flow mode. A quantitative comparison of experimental results with literature RTD-models is inconclusive although the occurrence of both mixed flow and plug flow is evident, and (U, G)-dependent. The experimental results are expressed in empirical design equations, and the comparison of predicted and experimental results is fair: low values of sigma determine the plug flow regimes, whereas back-mixing is more pronounced at higher value of sigma. Experiments with similar systems might favor plug flow or mixing as function of the combined (U, G)-values. The introduction of the RTD-function in reaction rate equations can improve the prediction of the gas-conversion in a riser-reactor. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TP Chemical technology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Engineering|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Powder Technology|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science SA|
|Date:||10 November 2010|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||pp. 322-330|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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