Methanotrophs: multifunctional bacteria with promising applications in environmental bioengineering
Jiang, Hao, Chen, Yin, Jiang, Peixia, Zhang, Chong, Smith, Thomas J., Murrell, J. C. (J. Colin) and Xing, Xin-Hui (2010) Methanotrophs: multifunctional bacteria with promising applications in environmental bioengineering. Biochemical Engineering Journal, Vol.49 (No.3). pp. 277-288. ISSN 1369-703XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2010.01.003
Methane is an important greenhouse gas which is produced from many natural and anthropogenic sources. It plays an important role in overall global warming. A significant amount of methane is removed through microbiological oxidation by methanotrophic bacteria, which are widespread in the environment, including many extreme environments. The key enzyme of these microorganisms, methane monooxygenase (MMO), especially the soluble MMO, is remarkable in its broad substrate specificity. This unique capability, i.e. catalyzing reactions of environmental importance, has attracted great attention for applied microbiologists and biochemical engineers. In this review, recent advances in the application of methanotrophs to environmental bioengineering are summarized, including biodiversity, catalytic properties, and cultivation, etc. We have focused on two aspects of the application and potential value of methanotrophs in environmental bioengineering, namely methane removal and biodegradation of toxic compounds. The removal of methane produced from landfills has been widely studied, and much of this work can be used as a source of reference for coal mine gas removal. Many bioreactors using methanotrophs in bioremediation have been developed in recent years. These reactors have two forms of configuration, single-stage and multi-stage. Current limitations which may affect the engineering applications of methanotrophs are discussed, such as the lack of suitable methanotrophic isolate, gas transfer limitation, competitive inhibition of MMO, regeneration of reducing equivalents for MMO and product toxicity. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Item|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TP Chemical technology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Biological Sciences ( -2010)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Biochemical Engineering Journal|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Official Date:||15 May 2010|
|Number of Pages:||12|
|Page Range:||pp. 277-288|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||National High Technology Research and Development Program (863 Program) of China|
|Grant number:||2006AA02Z203, 2009AA062903|
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