The histological development of acute antibody-mediated rejection in HLA antibody-incompatible renal transplantation
Higgins, Rob, Zehnder, Daniel, Chen, Klaus, Lowe, David, McKinnell, Joanna, Lam, For T., Kashi, Habib, Tan, Lam Chin, Imray, C. (Chris), Fletcher, Simon, Krishnan, Nithya, Hamer, Rizwan and Briggs, David. (2010) The histological development of acute antibody-mediated rejection in HLA antibody-incompatible renal transplantation. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, Vol.25 (No.4). pp. 1306-1312. ISSN 0931-0509Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfp610
Background. The aim of this study was to examine the development of acute antibody-mediated rejection in HLA antibody-incompatible renal transplantation in relation to the Banff 07 histological classification.
Methods. Renal biopsies were scored using the Banff 07 diagnostic criteria, and paraffin-embedded sections were stained with the pan-leucocyte marker CD45.
Results. Thirty-six patients had 72 renal biopsies. In biopsies performed 30 min after graft reperfusion, the mean number of CD45+ cells per glomerulus was higher than in control grafts (P<0.04) and was associated with the donor-specific antibody (DSA) level at transplantation measured by microbeads (P<0.01), and eight out of nine patients with greater than five CD45+ cells per glomerulus had early post-transplant rejection or oliguria, compared to 11 out of 20 with less than five cells per glomerulus (P<0.01). In the first 10 days post-transplant, although peritubular capillary (PTC) leucocyte margination grade 3 and C4d deposition were specific for rejection, their sensitivities were low. PTC C4d staining was only seen in two out of 11 biopsies taken in the first 5 days after transplant, even in the presence of rejection, but was present in the majority of later biopsies with rejection. In biopsies stained for CD3, CD68 and CD20, it was notable that CD20+ cells were not seen during acute rejection, the infiltrates comprising CD3+ and CD68+ leucocytes.
Conclusions. Glomerular margination of leucocytes occurred early after transplantation and was associated with DSA level and early graft dysfunction. The Banff 07 PTC margination scoring system was easy to apply, especially when CD45 staining was used, and PTC margination grade 3 was always associated with clinical rejection.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Biomedical Sciences > Translational & Experimental Medicine > Metabolic and Vascular Health (- until July 2016)
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Journal or Publication Title:||Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Official Date:||April 2010|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 1306-1312|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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