Externalities and fundamental nonconvexities : a reconciliation of approaches to general equilibrium externality modeling and implications for decentralization
Murty, Sushama (2006) Externalities and fundamental nonconvexities : a reconciliation of approaches to general equilibrium externality modeling and implications for decentralization. Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick, Department of Economics. Warwick economic research papers (No.756).
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By distinguishing between producible and nonproducible public goods, we are able to propose a general equilibrium model with externalities that distinguishes between and encompasses both the Starrett  and Boyd and Conley  type external effects. We show that while nonconvexities remain fundamental whenever the Starrett
type external effects are present, these are not caused by the type discussed in Boyd and Conley. Secondly, we find that the notion of a “public competitive equilibrium”
for public goods found in Foley [1967, 1970] allows a decentralized mechanism, based on both price and quantity signals, for economies with externalities, which is able
to restore the equivalence between equilibrium and efficiency even in the presence of nonconvexities. This is in contrast to equilibrium notions based purely on price signals such as the Pigouvian taxes.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Externalities (Economics), Public goods|
|Series Name:||Warwick economic research papers|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick, Department of Economics|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Official Date:||August 2006|
|Number of Pages:||35|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
Arrow, K.J. (1969). Issues pertinent to the choice of market versus non-market allocations. The Analysis and Evaluation of Public Expenditures: The P.P.B. System, Joint Committee of the Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C., pp.47–64.
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