Who's challenging who? : Changing attitudes towards those whose behaviour challenges
Hutchinson, Lisa, Hastings, Richard P., Hunt, Paul H., Bowler, Claire L, Banks, Martin E. and Totsika, Vasiliki. (2014) Who's challenging who? : Changing attitudes towards those whose behaviour challenges. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Volume 58 (Number 2). pp. 99-109. ISSN 0964-2633
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2012.01630.x
Background. Although staff attitudes towards individuals with intellectual disability whose behaviour challenges may be an important part of a positive support culture, very little research has focused on the development of training designed to change staff attitudes. Positive contact is hypothesised to be an effective way to change attitudes toward stigmatised groups.
Methods. We designed and developed a half day training package about the experiences of individuals whose behaviour challenges – Who’s Challenging Who (WCW). The WCW package was delivered according to a manual by a trainer with intellectual disability and a professional without disability. Seventy six staff participated in one of 10 WCW training sessions and provided data on their attitudes and empathy towards individuals whose behaviour challenges prior to the WCW training and immediately at the end of training. Staff also completed a post-training evaluation questionnaire.
Results. A training package was successfully developed collaboratively with individuals whose behaviour challenges, and received very positive evaluations from staff participants. Short term positive change was shown for empowerment and similarity attitudes, and staff empathy and self-efficacy. These outcomes were associated with small to moderate effect sizes.
Conclusions. Meaningful short term positive staff attitude changes were found and the WCW training model achieved proof of concept. More robust research designs are needed for future evaluation. In addition, the function of an attitude change intervention such as WCW within organisations’ training strategies requires further development.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
L Education > LC Special aspects of education
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for Educational Development, Appraisal and Research (CEDAR)
Faculty of Science > Psychology
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||People with mental disabilities -- Care, People with mental disabilities -- Services for, Mental health personnel -- Training of|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Intellectual Disability Research|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Official Date:||February 2014|
|Page Range:||pp. 99-109|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
Special Issue: Mental Health and Intellectual Disability: XXIXIII
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