Child abuse registration, fetal growth, and preterm birth: a population based study
Spencer, Nick, Wallace, Ann, Sundrum, Ratna , Bacchus, Claire and Logan, Stuart. (2006) Child abuse registration, fetal growth, and preterm birth: a population based study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, Vol.60 . pp. 337-340. ISSN 0143-005X
WRAP_Spencer_Child_abuse_registration.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2005.042085
Objectives: To study the relation of intra-uterine growth and gestational age with child protection registration in a 20 year whole population birth cohort.
Setting: West Sussex area of England.
Study design: Retrospective whole population birth cohort.
Outcomes: Child protection registration; individual categories of registration—sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect.
Population and participants: 119 771 infants born in West Sussex between January 1983 and December 2001 with complete data including birth weight, gestational age, maternal age, and postcode.
Results: In all categories of registration a linear trend was noted such that the lower the birth weight z score the higher the likelihood of child protection registration. Similar trends were noted for gestational age. All these trends were robust to adjustment for maternal age and socioeconomic status.
Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that lower levels of fetal growth and shorter gestational duration are associated with increased likelihood of child protection registration in all categories including sexual abuse independent of maternal age or socioeconomic status. This study does not permit comment on whether poor fetal growth or preterm birth predispose to child abuse and neglect or the association arises because they share a common pathway.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Health and Social Studies|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Premature infants -- Development, Fetus -- Growth, Child abuse -- Reporting, Birth weight, Low -- England -- West Sussex|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health|
|Page Range:||pp. 337-340|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
# Goldson E, Fitch MJ, Wendell TA, et al. Child abuse. Its relationship to birthweight, apgar score and developmental testing. Am J Dis Child 1978;132:790–3.
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