The clinical effectiveness of different parenting programmes for children with conduct problems : a systematic review of randomised controlled trials
Dretzke, Janine, Davenport, Clare, Frew, Emma, Barlow, Jane, Stewart-Brown, Sarah L., Bayliss, Sue, Sandercock, Josie, Hyde, Chris and Taylor, Rod. (2009) The clinical effectiveness of different parenting programmes for children with conduct problems : a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, Vol.3 (No.7). ISSN 1753-2000
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1753-2000-3-7
Conduct problems are common, disabling and costly. The prognosis for children with conduct problems is poor, with outcomes in adulthood including criminal behaviour, alcoholism, drug abuse, domestic violence, child abuse and a range of psychiatric disorders.
There has been a rapid expansion of group based parent-training programmes for the treatment of children with conduct problems in a number of countries over the past 10 years. Existing reviews of parent training have methodological limitations such as inclusion of non-randomised studies, the absence of investigation for heterogeneity prior to meta-analysis or failure to report confidence intervals.
The objective of the current study was to systematically review randomised controlled trials of parenting programmes for the treatment of children with conduct problems.
Standard systematic review methods were followed including duplicate inclusion decisions, data extraction and quality assessment. Twenty electronic databases from the fields of medicine, psychology, social science and education were comprehensively searched for RCTs and systematic reviews to February 2006.
Inclusion criteria were: randomised controlled trial; of structured, repeatable parenting programmes; for parents/carers of children up to the age of 18 with a conduct problem; and at least one measure of child behaviour. Meta-analysis and qualitative synthesis were used to summarise included studies.
57 RCTs were included. Studies were small with an average group size of 21. Meta-analyses using both parent (SMD -0.67; 95% CI: -0.91, -0.42) and independent (SMD -0.44; 95% CI: -0.66, -0.23) reports of outcome showed significant differences favouring the intervention group. There was insufficient evidence to determine the relative effectiveness of different approaches to delivering parenting programmes.
Parenting programmes are an effective treatment for children with conduct problems. The relative effectiveness of different parenting programmes requires further research.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Parenting -- Great Britain, Parenting -- Study and teaching -- Great Britain, Conduct disorders in children -- Great Britain|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health|
|Publisher:||BioMed Central Ltd.|
|Official Date:||4 March 2009|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Funder:||NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme (Great Britain)|
Office for National Statistics: The mental health of children and adolescents in Great Britain. Access date: 28 Oct. 2003.
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