Mind the gap: MIND, the mental hygiene movement and the trapdoor in measurements of intellect
Toms, Jonathan. (2010) Mind the gap: MIND, the mental hygiene movement and the trapdoor in measurements of intellect. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Vol.54 (No.Suppl. 1). pp. 16-27. ISSN 0964-2633Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2009.01234.x
The National Association for Mental Health adopted the 'brand name' MIND as part of its transformation into a campaigning pressure group at the turn of the 1970s. This article examines the historical antecedents to key statements made by the organisation at this time regarding the relationship of mental health with, what was then called, 'mental handicap'.
The National Association is placed within the historical context of the movement for mental hygiene. The article traces how the movement theorised mental health as critically related to intellect and emotionality.
The movement relegated people deemed 'mentally deficient' from therapeutic policies based on family relationships believed to promote mental health. However, a late 1950s experiment known as the Brooklands study subverted this discrimination. This was paradoxical since it built on mental hygiene theorising.
Theorisations of the relationship between intellect, emotion and mental health are still potentially discriminatory.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Arts > History > Centre for the History of Medicine
Faculty of Arts > History
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Intellectual Disability Research|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Official Date:||April 2010|
|Number of Pages:||12|
|Page Range:||pp. 16-27|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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