Acclimation of Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) to photon flux density
UNSPECIFIED. (2005) Acclimation of Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) to photon flux density. JOURNAL OF PHYCOLOGY, 41 (4). pp. 851-862. ISSN 0022-3646Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2005.00109.x
Growth rate, pigment composition, and noninvasive chl a fluorescence parameters were assessed for a noncalcifying strain of the prymnesiophyte Emiliania huxleyi Lohman grown at 50, 100, 200, and 800 mu mol photons.m(-2).s(-1). Emiliania huxleyi grown at high photon flux density (PFD) was characterized by increased specific growth rates, 0.82 d(-1) for high PFD grown cells compared with 0.38 d(-1) for low PFD grown cells, and higher in vivo chl a specific attenuation coefficients that were most likely due to a decreased pigment package, consistent with the observed decrease in cellular photosynthetic pigment content. High PFD growth conditions also induced a 2.5-fold increase in the pool of the xanthophyll cycle pigments diadinoxanthin and diatoxanthin responsible for dissipation of excess energy. Dark-adapted maximal photochemical efficiency (F-v/F-m) remained constant at around 0.58 for cells grown over the range of PFDs, and therefore the observed decline, from 0.57 to 0.33, in the PSII maximum efficiency in the light-adapted state, (F-v'/F-m'), with increasing growth PFD was due to increased dissipation of excess energy, most likely via the xanthophyll cycle and not due to photoinhibition. The PSII operating efficiency (F-q'/F-m') decreased from 0.48 to 0.21 with increasing growth PFD due to both saturation of photochemistry and an increase in nonphotochemical quenching. The changes in the physiological parameters with growth PFD enable E. huxleyi to maximize rates of photosynthesis under subsaturating conditions and protect the photosynthetic apparatus from excess energy while supporting higher saturating rates of photosynthesis under saturating PFDs.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF PHYCOLOGY|
|Official Date:||August 2005|
|Number of Pages:||12|
|Page Range:||pp. 851-862|
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