Cue-guided search: A computational model of selective attention
UNSPECIFIED. (2005) Cue-guided search: A computational model of selective attention. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS, 16 (4). pp. 910-924. ISSN 1045-9227Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNN.2005.851787
Selective visual attention in a natural environment can be seen as the interaction between the external visual stimulus and task specific knowledge of the required behavior. This interaction between the bottom-up stimulus and the top-down, task-related knowledge is crucial for what is selected in the space and time within the scene. In this paper, we propose a computational model for selective attention for a visual search task. We go beyond simple saliency-based attention models to model selective attention guided by top-down visual cues, which are dynamically integrated with the bottom-up information. In this way, selection of a location is accomplished by interaction between bottom-up and top-down information. First, the general structure of our model is briefly introduced and followed by a description of the top-down processing of task-relevant cues. This is then followed by a description of the processing of the external images to give three feature maps that are combined to give an overall bottom-up map. Second, the development of the formalism for our novel interactive spiking neural network (ISNN) is given, with the interactive activation rule that calculates the integration map. The learning rule for both bottom-up and top-down weight parameters are given, together with some further analysis of the properties of the resulting ISNN. Third, the model is applied to a face detection task to search for the location of a specific face that is cued. The results show that the trajectories of attention are dramatically changed by interaction of information and variations of cues, giving an appropriate, task-relevant search pattern. Finally, we discuss ways in which these results can be seen as compatible with existing psychological evidence.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Electronic computers. Computer science. Computer software
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
|Journal or Publication Title:||IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS|
|Publisher:||IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC|
|Official Date:||July 2005|
|Number of Pages:||15|
|Page Range:||pp. 910-924|
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