Phonology impacts segmentation in online speech processing
UNSPECIFIED. (2005) Phonology impacts segmentation in online speech processing. JOURNAL OF MEMORY AND LANGUAGE, 53 (2). pp. 225-237. ISSN 0749-596XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2005.02.011
Pena, Bonatti, Nespor, and Mehler (2002) investigated an artificial language where the structure of words was determined by nonadjacent dependencies between syllables. They found that segmentation of continuous speech could proceed on the basis of these dependencies. However, Pena et al.'s artificial language contained a confound in terms of phonology, in that the dependent syllables began with plosives and the intervening syllables began with continuants. We consider three hypotheses concerning the role of phonology in speech segmentation in this task: (1) participants may recruit probabilistic phonotactic information from their native language to the artificial language learning task; (2) phonetic properties of the stimuli, such as the gaps that precede unvoiced plosives, can influences segmentation; and (3) grouping by phonological similarity, between dependent syllables contributes to learning the dependency. In a series of experiments controlling the phonological and statistical structure of the language, we found that segmentation performance is influenced by the three factors in different degrees. Learning of nonadjacent dependencies did not occur when (3) is eliminated. We suggest that phonological processing provides a fundamental contribution to distributional analysis. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||P Language and Literature
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF MEMORY AND LANGUAGE|
|Publisher:||ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE|
|Official Date:||August 2005|
|Number of Pages:||13|
|Page Range:||pp. 225-237|
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