Parent reported home smoking bans and toddler (18-30 month) smoke exposure: a cross-sectional survey
UNSPECIFIED. (2005) Parent reported home smoking bans and toddler (18-30 month) smoke exposure: a cross-sectional survey. ARCHIVES OF DISEASE IN CHILDHOOD, 90 (7). pp. 670-674. ISSN 0003-9888Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/adc.2004.054684
Aims: To study the relation between the use of parent reported home smoking bans and smoke exposure among children aged 18-30 months.
Methods: A total of 309 smoking households with children aged 18-30 months, who were part of the Coventry Cohort study, consented to participate in this cross-sectional survey.
Results: Although parents in almost 88% of smoking households reported using harm reduction strategies to protect their toddlers from smoke exposure, only 13.9% reported smoking bans in the house. Mean log urinary cotinine: creatinine ratio was significantly lower for those children whose parents reported no smoking in the house (1.11, 95% CI 0.64 to 1.49) compared with none/less strict strategies (1.87, 95% CI 1.64 to 2.10). In linear regression models fitted on log cotinine: creatinine ratio, no smoking in the house was independently associated with a significant reduction in cotinine: creatinine ratio (B= -0.55, 95% CI -20.89 to -20.20) after adjusting for mother's and partner's average daily cigarette consumption, housing tenure, and overcrowding. The final model accounted for 44.3% of the variance.
Conclusions: Not smoking in the house was associated with a reduction in mean urinary cotinine: creatinine ratio in children aged 18-30 months; the relation persisted after adjustment for levels of mother's and partner's daily cigarette consumption and sociodemographic factors. Results suggest that home smoking bans in this age group have a small but significant effect on smoke exposure independent of levels of parental tobacco consumption.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||ARCHIVES OF DISEASE IN CHILDHOOD|
|Publisher:||B M J PUBLISHING GROUP|
|Official Date:||July 2005|
|Number of Pages:||5|
|Page Range:||pp. 670-674|
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