Serial recall and presentation schedule : a micro-analysis of local distinctiveness
Brown, G. D. A. (Gordon D. A.) and Lewandowsky, Stephan. (2005) Serial recall and presentation schedule : a micro-analysis of local distinctiveness. Memory, Vol.13 (No.3-4). pp. 283-292. ISSN 0965-8211Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658210344000251
According to temporal distinctiveness theories, items that are temporally isolated from their neighbours during presentation are more distinct and thus are recalled better. Event-based theories, which deny that elapsed time plays a role at encoding, explain isolation effects by assuming that temporal isolation provides extra time for rehearsal or consolidation of encoding. The two classes of theories can be differentiated by examining the symmetry of isolation effects: Event-based accounts predict that performance should be affected only by pauses following item presentation (because they allow time for rehearsal or consolidation), whereas distinctiveness predicts that items should also benefit from preceding pauses. The first experiment manipulated inter-item intervals and showed an effect of intervals following but not preceding presentation, in line with event-based accounts. The second experiment showed that the effect of following interval was abolished by articulatory suppression. The data are consistent with event-based theories but can be handled by time-based distinctiveness models if they allow for additional encoding during inter-item pauses.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Recollection (Psychology), Time -- Psychological aspects, Memory, Human information processing|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Memory|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 283-292|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Australian Research Council (ARC), Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (Great Britain) (BBSRC), Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC)|
|Grant number:||88/S15050 (BBSRC), R000239002 (ESRC), R000239351 (ESRC)|
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