Impacts of Climate Change on indirect human exposure to pathogens and chemicals from agriculture
. (2009) Impacts of Climate Change on indirect human exposure to pathogens and chemicals from agriculture. Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol.11 (No.4). pp. 508-514. ISSN 0091-6765
WRAP_Wellington_Impact_Climate_Change.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800084
Objective: Climate change is likely to affect the nature of pathogens and chemicals in the environment and their fate and transport. Future risks of pathogens and chemicals could therefore be very different from those of today. In this review, we assess the implications of climate change for changes in human exposures to pathogens and chemicals in agricultural systems in the United Kingdom and discuss the subsequent effects on health impacts.
Data sources: In this review, we used expert input and considered literature on climate change ; health effects resulting from exposure to pathogens and chemicals arising from agriculture ; inputs of chemicals and pathogens to agricultural systems ; and human exposure pathways for pathogens and chemicals in agricultural systems.
Data synthesis: We established the current evidence base for health effects of chemicals and pathogens in the agricultural environment ; determined the potential implications of climate change on chemical and pathogen inputs in agricultural systems ; and explored the effects of climate change on environmental transport and fate of different contaminant types. We combined these data to assess the implications of climate change in terms of indirect human exposure to pathogens and chemicals in agricultural systems. We then developed recommendations on future research and policy changes to manage any adverse increases in risks.
Conclusions: Overall, climate change is likely to increase human exposures to agricultural contaminants. The magnitude of the increases will be highly dependent on the contaminant type. Risks from many pathogens and particulate and particle-associated contaminants could increase significantly. These increases in exposure can, however, be managed for the most part through targeted research and policy changes.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Biological Sciences ( -2010)|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Climatic changes, Agricultural ecology, Chemicals -- Physiological effect, Health risk assessment, Pathogenic microorganisms|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Environmental Health Perspectives|
|Publisher:||US Department of Health and Human Services|
|Official Date:||April 2009|
|Page Range:||pp. 508-514|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Funder:||Great Britain. Dept. for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA), Environment and Human Health Programme (EHHP)|
Adhikari A, Reponen T, Lee SA, Grinshpun SA. 2004. Assessment of human exposure to airborne fungi in agricultural confinements: personal inhalable sampling versus stationary sampling. Ann Agric Environ Med 11(2):269–277.
Arnold JG, Srinivasan R, Muttiah RS, Williams JR. 1998. Large area hydrologic modeling and assessment—part 1: model development. J Am Wat Res Assoc 34(1):73–89.
Ascherio A, Chen V, Weisskopf MG, O’Reilly E, McCullough ML, Calle EE, et al. 2006. Pesticide exposure and risk of Parkinson disease. Ann Neurol 60(2):197–203.
Beggs PJ, Bambrick HJ. 2005. Is the global rise of asthma an early impact of anthropogenic climate change? Environ Health Perspect 113:915–919.
Bellamy PH, Loveland PJ, Bradley RI, Lark RM, Kirk GJD. 2005. Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales 1978–2003. Nature 437:245–248.
Bloomfield JP, Williams RJ, Gooddy DC, Cape JN, Guha P. 2006. Impacts of climate change on the fate and behaviour of pesticides in surface and groundwater—a UK perspective. Sci Total Environ 369:163–177.
Boffetta P, Nyberg F. 2003. Contribution of environmental factors to cancer risk. Br Med Bull 68:71–94.
Booth S, Zeller D. 2005. Mercury, food webs, and marine mammals: implications of diet and climate change for human health. Environ Health Perspect 113:521–526.
Borah MJ, Kalita PK. 1999. Development and evaluation of a macropore flow component for LEACHM. Trans Am Soc Agric Eng 42(1):65–78.
Boxall ABA, Johnson P, Smith EJ, Sinclair CJ, Stutt E, Levy L. 2006. Uptake of veterinary medicines from soils into plants. J Agr Food Chem 54(6):2288–2297.
Boxall ABA, Kolpin D, Halling SØrensen B, Tolls J. 2003. Are veterinary medicines causing environmental risks? Environ. Sci Technol 37(15):286A–294A.
Briggs GG, Bromilow RH, Evans AA. 1982. Relationships between lipophilicity and root uptake and translocation of non-ionised chemicals by barley. Pestic Sci 13(5):495–504.
Burken, JG, Schnoor JL. 1998. Predictive relationships for uptake of organic contaminants by hybrid poplar trees. Environ Sci Technol 32(21):3379–3385.
Cannon RJC. 1998. The implications for predicted climate change on insect pests in the UK, with emphasis on non-indigenous species. Glob Chang Biol 4:785–796.
Cantor KP. 1997. Drinking water and cancer. Cancer Causes Control 8(3):292–308.
Casteel MJ, Sobsey MD, Mueller JP. 2006. Fecal contamination of agricultural soils before and after hurricane-associated flooding in North Carolina. J Environ Sci Health A 41(2):173–184.
Chin T, Welsby PD. 2004. Malaria in the UK: past, present and future. Postgrad Med J 80:663–666.
Codd GA, Morrison L, Metcalf J. 2005. Cyanobacterial toxins: risk management for health protection. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 203:264–272.
Crowther J, Kay D, Wyer MD. 2002. Faecal-indicator concentrations in waters draining lowland pastoral catchments in the UK: relationships with land use and farming practices. Water Res 36(7):1725–1734.
Curriero FC, Patz JA, Rose JB, Lele S. 2001. The association between extreme precipitation and waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States, 1948–1994. Am J Public Health 91(8):1194–1199.
Deportes I, Benoit-Guyod J-L, Zmirou D. 1995. Hazard to man and the environment posed by the use of urban waste compost: a review. Sci Total Environ 175:197–222.
Dolk H, Vrijheid M. 2003. The impact of environmental pollution on congenital abnormalities. Br Med Bull 68:25–45.
Donald DB, Cessna AJ, Sverko E, Glozier NE. 2007. Pesticides in surface drinking-water supplies of the Northern Great Plains. Environ Health Perspect 115:1183–1191.
Donald DB, Hunter FG, Sverko E, Hill BD, Syrigiannis J. 2005. Mobilization of pesticides on an agricultural landscape flooded by a torrential storm. Environ Toxicol Chem 24(1):2–10.
Dutkiewicz J, Krysin’ska-Traczyk E, Skórska C, Sitkowska J, Praz˙mo Z, Urbanowicz B. 2000. Exposure of agricultural workers to airborne microorganisms and endotoxin during handling of various vegetable products. Aerobiologia 16(2):193–198.
Ebi K, Mills DM, Smith JB, Grambsch A. 2006. Climate change and human health impacts in the United States: an update on the results of the US national assessment. Environ Health Perspect 114:1318–1324.
European Communities. 2000. Directive 200/60/EC of the European Parliament of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy. Off J Eur Commun 327:1–72.
Falloon PD, Betts RA. 2006. The impact of climate change on global river flow in HadGEM1 simulations. Atmos Sci Lett 7:62–68.
Falloon PP, Smith P, Bradley RI, Milne R, Tomlinson R, Viner D, et al. 2006. RothCUK—a dynamic modelling system for estimating changes in soil C from mineral soils at 1-km resolution in the UK. Soil Use Manag 22:274–288.
Food and Agriculture Organization. 2008. Climate Related Transboundary Pests and Diseases. FAO Report HLC/08/BAK/R. Rome:Food and Agriculture Organization.
Fawell J, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ. 2003. Contaminants in drinking water. Br Med Bull 68:199–208.
Fleming LE, Broad K, Clement A, DeWailly E, Elmir S, Knap A, et al. 2006. Oceans and human health: emerging public health risks in the marine environment. Mar Pollut Bull 53(10–12):545–560.
Gale P, Adkin A, Snary E, Cheung S, Wooldridge M. 2007. Climate Change and Animal Health. Veterinary Laboratory Agency, Final Report to DEFRA. London:DEFRA.
Githecko AK, Lindsay SW, Confaloneiri UE, Patz JA. 2000. Climate change and vector-borne diseases: a regional analysis. Bull WHO 78(9):1136–1147.
Goldman LR, Koduru S. 2000. Chemicals in the environment and the developmental toxicity to children: a public health and policy perspective. Environ Health Perspect 108(suppl 3):443–448.
Haines A, McMichael AJ, Epstein PR. 2000. Environment and health: 2. Global climate change and health. CMAJ 163(6):729–734.
Hamscher G, Pawelzick H, Sczesny S, Nau H, Hartung J. 2003. Antibiotics in dust originating from a pig-fattening farm: a new source of health hazard for farmers? Environ Health Perspect 111:1590–1594.
Harmon SM, Wyatt DE. 2008. Evaluation of post Katrina flooded soils for contaminants and toxicity to the soil invertebrates Eisenia fetida and Caenorhabditis elegans. Chemosphere 70(10):1857–1864.
Harrus S, Baneth G. 2005. Drivers for emergence and re-emergence of vector-borne protozoal and bacterial diseases. Int J Parasitol 35(11–12):1309–1318.
Hawkes C, Ruel M. 2006. The links between agriculture and health: an intersectoral opportunity to improve the health and livelihoods of the poor. Bull WHO 84(12):984–990.
Haygarth PM, Heathwaite AL, Jarvis SC, Harrod TR. 2000. Hydrological factors for phosphorus transfer from agricultural soils. Adv Agron 69:153–178.
Hilscherova K, Dusek L, Kubik V, Cupr P, Hofman J, Klanova J, et al. 2007. Redistribution of organic pollutants in river sediments and alluvial soils related to major floods. J Soil Sed 7(3):167–177.
Holterman HJ, Van De Zande JC, Porskamp HAJ, Huijsmans JFM. 1997. Modelling spray drift from boom sprayers. Comput Electron Agric 19:1–22.
Huwe JK. 2002. Dioxins in food: a modern agricultural perspective. J Agric Food Chem 50:1739–1750.
Jarvis NJ, Hollis JM, Nicholls PH, Mayr T, Evans SP. 1997. MACRO-DB: a decision-support tool for assessing pesticide fate and mobility in soils. Environ Modell Softw 12(2–3):251–265.
Joffe M. 2003. Infertility and environmental pollutants. Br Med Bull 68:47–70.
Kemper N. 2008 Veterinary antibiotics in the aquatic and terrestrial environment. Ecol Indic 8(1):1–13.
Kinney CA, Furlong ET, Zaugg SD, Burkhardt MR, Werner SL, Cahill JD, et al. 2006. Survey of organic wastewater contaminants in biosolids destined for land application. Environ Sci Technol 40(23):7207–7215.
Kirkpatrick B, Fleming LE, Backer LC, Bean JA, Tamer R, Kirkpatrick G, et al. 2006. Environmental exposures to Florida red tides: effects on emergency room respiratory diagnoses admissions. Harmful Algae 5(5):526–533.
Kistemann T, Classen T, Koch C, Dagendorf F, Fischeder R, Gebel J, et al. 2002. Microbial load of drinking water reservoir tributaries during extreme rainfall and runoff. Appl Environ Microbiol 68(5):2188–2197.
Lake I, Bentham G, Kovats RS, Nichols G. 2005. Effects of weather and river flow on cryptosporidiosis. Water Health 3(4):469–474.
Lake I, Harrison F, Chalmers R, Bentham G, Nichols G, Hunter PR, et al. 2007a. Case control study of environmental and social factors influencing cryptosporidiosis. Eur J Epidemiol 22:805–811.
Lake I, Nichols G, Bentham G, Harrison F, Hunter PR, Kovats RS. 2007b. Cryptosporidiosis decline after regulation, England and Wales, 1989–2005. Emerg Infect Dis 13(4):623–625.
Lopez O, Hernandez AF, Rodrigo L, Gil F, Pena G, Serrano JL, et al. 2007. Changes in antioxidant enzymes in humans with long-term exposure to pesticides. Toxicol Lett 171(3):146–153.
Ma QL, Holland PT, James TK, McNaughton DE, Rahman A. 2000. Persistence and leaching of the herbicides acetochlor and terbuthylazine in an allophanic soil: comparisons of field results with PRZM-3 predictions. Pest Manag Sci 56(2):159–167.
Office of National Statistics. 2007. National Projections: UK Population to Rise to 65m by 2016. Available: http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=1352 [accessed 8 June 2008].
Patterson DT. 1995. Weeds in a changing climate. Weed Sci 43:685–701.
Patterson DT, Westbrook JK, Joyce RJV, Lingren PD, Rogasik J. 2004. Weeds, insects and diseases. Clim Change 43:711–727.
Pickup RW, Rhodes G, Arnott S, Sidi-Boumedine K, Bull TJ, Weightman A, et al. 2005. Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in the catchment area and water of the River Taff in South Wales, United Kingdom, and its potential relationship to clustering of Crohn’s disease cases in the city of Cardiff. Appl Environ Microbiol 71(4):2130–2139.
Pillai SD, Ricke SC. 2002. Bioaerosols from municipal and animal wastes: background and contempory issues. Can J Microbiol 48 (8):681–696.
Reiter P. 2001. Climate change and mosquito-borne disease. Environ Health Perspect 109(suppl 1):141–161.
Rogge WF, Medeiros PM, Simoneit BRT. 2007. Organic marker compounds in surface soils of crop fields from the San Joaquin Valley fugitive dust characterization study. Atmos Environ 41:8183–8204.
Rose JB, Epstein PR, Lipp EK, Sherman BH, Bernard SM, Patz JA. 2001. Climate variability and change in the United States: potential impacts on water and foodborne diseases caused by microbiologic agents. Environ Health Perspect 109(suppl 2):211–221.
Saxton K, Chandler D, Stetler L, Lamb B, Claiborn C, Lee B-H. 2000. Wind erosion and fugitive dust fluxes on agricultural lands in the Pacific Northwest. Trans Am Soc Agric Eng 43:623–630.
Shea KM, Truckner RT, Weber RW, Peden DB. 2008. Climate change and allergic disease. J Allergy Clin Immun 122(3):443–453.
Slingo JM, Challinor AJ, Hoskins BJ, Wheeler TR. 2005. Introduction: food crops in a changing climate. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:1983–1989.
Smith JL, Lee K. 2003. Soil as a source of dust and implications for human health. Adv Agron 80:1–32.
Smith JU, Smith P, Wattenbach M, Zaehle S, Hiederer R, Jones RJA, et al. 2005. Projected changes in mineral soil carbon of European croplands and grasslands, 1990–2080. Glob Chang Biol 11:2141–2152.
Stillerman KP, Mattison DR, Giudice LC, Woodruff TJ. 2008. Environmental exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a review of the science. Reprod Sci 15(7):631–650.
Sundram I, Claiborn C, Strand T, Lamb B, Chandler D, Saxton K. 2004. Numerical modeling of windblown dust in the Pacific Northwest with improved meteorology and dust emission models. J Geophys Res Atmos 109:1–12.
Sutherst RW. 2004. Global change and human vulnerability to vector-borne diseases. Clin Microbiol Rev 17(1):136.
van den Berg H, von Hilderbrand A, Ragunathan V, Das PK. 2007. Reducing vector-borne disease by empowering farmers in integrated vector management. Bull WHO 85(7):561–566.
van Egmond H. 2004. Natural toxins: risks, regulations and the analytical situation in Europe. Anal Bioanal Chem 378:1152–1160.
Zobeck TM, Van Pelt RS. 2006. Wind-induced dust generation and transport mechanics on bare agricultural fields. J Hazard Mater 132(1):26–38.
Actions (login required)