Evidence for the presence of a CmuA methyltransferase pathway in novel marine methyl halide-oxidizing bacteria
UNSPECIFIED. (2005) Evidence for the presence of a CmuA methyltransferase pathway in novel marine methyl halide-oxidizing bacteria. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 7 (6). pp. 839-852. ISSN 1462-2912Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00757.x
Marine bacteria that oxidized methyl bromide and methyl chloride were enriched and isolated from seawater samples. Six methyl halide-oxidizing enrichments were established from which 13 isolates that grew on methyl bromide and methyl chloride as sole sources of carbon and energy were isolated and maintained. All isolates belonged to three different clades in the Roseobacter group of the alpha subdivision of the Proteobacteria and were distinct from Leisingera methylohalidivorans, the only other identified marine bacterium that grows on methyl bromide as sole source of carbon and energy. Genes encoding the methyltransferase/corrinoid-binding protein CmuA, which is responsible for the initial step of methyl chloride oxidation in terrestrial methyl halide-oxidizing bacteria, were detected in enrichments and some of the novel marine strains. Gene clusters containing cmuA and other genes implicated in the metabolism of methyl halides were cloned from two of the isolates. Expression of CmuA during growth on methyl halides was demonstrated by analysis of polypeptides expressed during growth on methyl halides by SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry in two isolates representing two of the three clades. These findings indicate that certain marine methyl halide degrading bacteria from the Roseobacter group contain a methyltransferase pathway for oxidation of methyl bromide that may be similar to that responsible for methyl chloride oxidation in Methylobacterium chloromethanicum. This pathway therefore potentially contributes to cycling of methyl halides in both terrestrial and marine environments.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY|
|Publisher:||BLACKWELL PUBLISHING LTD|
|Official Date:||June 2005|
|Number of Pages:||14|
|Page Range:||pp. 839-852|
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