Behaviour and school performance after brain injury
Hawley, Carol. (2004) Behaviour and school performance after brain injury. Brain Injury, Vol.18 (No.7). pp. 645-659. ISSN 0269-9052
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699050310001646189
Primary Objective: To examine the relationship between behavioural problems and school performance following traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Methods and Procedures: Subjects: 67 school-age children with TBI (35 mild, 13 moderate, 19 severe), and 14 uninjured matched controls. Parents and children were interviewed at a mean of two years post-TBI. Teachers reported on academic performance and educational needs. Children were assessed using the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales (VABS) and the Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III).
Main Outcomes and Results: Two-thirds of children with a TBI exhibited significant behavioural problems, significantly more than controls (p=0.02). Children with behavioural problems had a mean IQ approximately 15 points lower than those without (p=0.001, 95% CI:7 to 26.7). At school, 76%(19) of children with behavioural problems also had difficulties with schoolwork. Behavioural problems were associated with social deprivation and parental marital status (p ≤ 0.01).
Conclusions: Children with TBI are at risk of developing behavioural problems which may affect school performance. Children with TBI should be screened to identify significant behavioural problems before they return to school.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Brain damaged children, Head -- Wounds and injuries, Brain -- Wounds and injuries, Problem children -- Education, Behavior disorders in children|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Brain Injury|
|Publisher:||Taylor and Francis|
|Official Date:||July 2004|
|Page Range:||pp. 645-659|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
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