Part of the C-terminal tall of the envelope gp41 transmembrane glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is exposed on the surface of infected cells and is involved in virus-mediated cell fusion
UNSPECIFIED. (2005) Part of the C-terminal tall of the envelope gp41 transmembrane glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is exposed on the surface of infected cells and is involved in virus-mediated cell fusion. JOURNAL OF GENERAL VIROLOGY, 86 (Part 1). pp. 131-138. ISSN 0022-1317Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.80439-0
The C-terminal tail of the gp41 transmembrane glycoprotein of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) virion is usually thought to be inside the virion, but it has been shown recently that part of the tail is exposed on the virion exterior. Here, using a panel of antibodies, it was demonstrated that the same part of the tail is exposed on the surface of HIV-1-infected C8166 lymphoblastoid cells and HeLa cells infected with a gp41-expressing vaccinia. virus recombinant. Both types of infected cell failed to react with p117 matrix protein-specific IgGs until permeabilized with saponin, confirming the integrity of the plasma membrane. Cell-surface exposure of the gp41 tail was independently demonstrated by inhibition of HIV-1-mediated cell-cell fusion by one of the gp41 tail-specific antibodies. These data also implicate the exposed region of the gp41 C-terminal tail either directly or indirectly in the viral fusion process. Its surface exposure suggests that the gp41 C-terminal tail may be a candidate for immune intervention or chemotherapy of infection.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF GENERAL VIROLOGY|
|Publisher:||SOC GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY|
|Official Date:||January 2005|
|Number of Pages:||8|
|Page Range:||pp. 131-138|
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