Chiral metal architectures in aminopyridinato complexes of zirconium
UNSPECIFIED. (2004) Chiral metal architectures in aminopyridinato complexes of zirconium. DALTON TRANSACTIONS (23). pp. 4050-4058. ISSN 1477-9226Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b413023e
Optically pure 2-alkylaminopyridines (HL) are synthesised readily from bromopyridines and chiral amines [(S)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-naphthylamine and (S)-(-)-alpha-methylbenzylamine] using palladium-catalysed amination. Protonolysis reactions of these proligands with ZrX4 (X = NMe2, CH2Ph, CH2But) yield zirconium aminopyridinates, usually of the type [ML2X2], some of which have been characterised by X-ray crystallography. Control of absolute configuration at the metal centre is pursued by investigation of the effects of chiral amine substituent, substitution at the pyridine rings and the identity of co-ligands. Surprisingly the conformationally exible alpha-methylbenzyl based aminopyridinato ligands promote much better control of chirality-at-zirconium than do the cyclic tetrahydronaphthyl analogues. One complex of the former class displays complete control of stereochemistry at 193 K; only one diastereomer out of eight possible structures is observed. It is found that there is an excellent correlation between observed selectivities and calculated diastereomer energy differences from DFT. All the complexes studied are in dynamic exchange between diastereomers. The rate of these processes (DeltaH(double dagger) ca. 40 kJ mol(-1)) as studied by Selective Polarisation Transfer Selective Inversion Recovery experiments (SPT-SIR) and lineshape analyses are significantly faster than those for aminopyridines containing bulkier amido substituents (DeltaH(double dagger) ca. 70 kJ mol 1). This type of dependence on steric effects, and the impact of the trans effect, is consistent with an N-dissociative mechanism, i.e. conversion from six- to five-coordinate structure followed by rapid intramolecular scrambling.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||DALTON TRANSACTIONS|
|Publisher:||ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||pp. 4050-4058|
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