Soak conditions and temperature following sowing influence the response of maize (Zea mays L.) seeds to on-farm priming (pre-sowing seed soak)
UNSPECIFIED. (2004) Soak conditions and temperature following sowing influence the response of maize (Zea mays L.) seeds to on-farm priming (pre-sowing seed soak). FIELD CROPS RESEARCH, 90 (2-3). pp. 361-374. ISSN 0378-4290Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2004.04.006
On-farm seed priming of maize (i.e. soaking seed in water overnight, 17 h) in the semi-arid tropics has been shown to improve crop establishment and yield but the benefits can be variable. In previous work, this variation was thought to result from the interaction between primed seeds and conditions in the seedbed following sowing. To investigate this interaction, experiments were carried out under controlled temperature conditions that represented those of seedbeds in the semi-arid tropics. The conditions during seed priming and during subsequent germination and emergence were investigated as potential causes of variable seedling emergence relative to that of untreated seeds. Priming advanced emergence from moist sand cores at 30degreesC/20degreesC (day/night), reduced emergence at 35degreesC/28degreesC and delayed and reduced emergence at 40degreesC/ 28degreesC. In drier cores (drained 8 days) at 35degreesC/28degreesC, priming advanced germination time and did not decrease final percentage emergence. These results confirmed earlier field observations that the effect of priming in maize can vary and lead to positive, neutral or negative effects. Priming decreased the optimum and ceiling temperatures for germination, and unlike untreated seeds, the relationship between germination rate and sub-optimal temperature was not linear in all cases. Pre-humidifying seeds did not enhance the effect of priming, but aerating the soak water did. These results indicate that variable results from priming recorded in the field were not due to imbibitional damage, but may result from the negative effects of hypoxia during soaking exacerbated by moist conditions and high temperatures at sowing. These effects differed between seedlots of different cultivars, indicating the importance of selecting more tolerant maize hybrids to reduce variation in response to priming following sowing in the field. The implications of these findings for the use of primed seeds in the field are discussed. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Journal or Publication Title:||FIELD CROPS RESEARCH|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Date:||8 December 2004|
|Number of Pages:||14|
|Page Range:||pp. 361-374|
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