On the auditory modality superiority effect in serial recall : separating input and output factors
Cowan, Nelson, Saults, J. Scott and Brown, G. D. A. (Gordon D. A.). (2004) On the auditory modality superiority effect in serial recall : separating input and output factors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol.30 (No.3). pp. 639-644. ISSN 0278-7393Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0278-73184.108.40.2069
The modality effect in immediate recall refers to superior recall of the last few items within lists presented in spoken as opposed to printed form. The locus of this well-known effect has been unclear. N. Cowan, J. S. Saults, E. M. Elliott, and M. Moreno (2002) introduced a new method to distinguish between the effects of input serial position, output serial position, and the number of items yet to be recalled and found that large modality effects occurred only in conditions in which delay and interference at output (from items already recalled) was high. The authors replicated that finding, even when the response period included Output interference acoustically similar to the spoken stimuli to be recalled. However, the authors found that output delay and interference act only by lowering the level of performance to a more sensitive range. The modality effect thus originates during encoding of the list to be recalled. not during output.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Auditory perception, Recollection (Psychology), Oral communication -- Psychological aspects, Written communication -- Psychological aspects, Cognition, Memory|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition|
|Publisher:||American Psychological Association|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 639-644|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||National Institutes of Health (U.S.) (NIH)|
|Grant number:||HD-21338 (NIH)|
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