Palladium catalyzed transformations of monoterpenes: stereoselective deuteriation and oxidative dimerization of camphene
UNSPECIFIED. (2004) Palladium catalyzed transformations of monoterpenes: stereoselective deuteriation and oxidative dimerization of camphene. JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY, 689 (2). pp. 302-308. ISSN 0022-328XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jorganchem.2003.10.016
Camphene undergoes a highly regio and stereoselective palladium catalyzed deuteriation in deuteriated acetic acid solutions of Pd(OAc)(2). NMR reveals that an outward oriented vinylic hydrogen is selectively exchanged for H-2, resulting in 90% camphene-d(1) (ca. 100% stereoselectivity) and 10% camphene-d(2) at 75% conversion of camphene (6 h, 25 degreesC). Neither pi-allyl nor pi-olefin palladium complexes are formed in detectable concentrations during the reaction, whereas palladium hydride (singlet at -6.86 ppm) and palladium deuteride (singlet at -6.78 ppm) intermediates have been detected by H-1 and H-2 NMR, respectively. At higher temperature, oxidative coupling of camphene readily occurs giving the (E, E)-diene, i.e., bis(3,3-dimethyl-2-norbornylidene)ethane, which formally originates by abstracting the outward oriented vinylic hydrogens and coupling the resulting fragments of two camphene molecules. The reaction is catalytic at palladium in the Pd(OAc)(2)-LiNO3(cat)-O-2 and Pd(OAc)(2)-benzoquinone systems. Similar mechanisms for the deuteriation and oxidative coupling of camphene are proposed, which involve the formation of sigma-vinyl palladium hydride intermediates. No deuteriation neither oxidative coupling of limonene, myrcene and beta-pinene were observed under the same conditions. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA|
|Date:||15 January 2004|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 302-308|
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