From evaluating democracy assistance to appraising democracy promotion
Burnell, Peter J.. (2008) From evaluating democracy assistance to appraising democracy promotion. Political Studies, Vol.56 (No.2). pp. 414-434. ISSN 0032-3217
WRAP_Burnell_PoliticalStudiesproofWord.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2007.00653.x...
Organisations involved in delivering international democracy assistance are engaging increasingly with questions about how to assess their activities. A double shift in the terms of reference, from the ex post evaluation of assistance projects or programmes to ex ante appraisal of the broader democracy promotion strategies, could make democracy promotion more effective. This does not mean abandoning the former; on the contrary its status would be enhanced. Improving the chain of learning that leads from assistance evaluations to the formulation of promotion strategies could improve decision-making over how and whether to promote democracy abroad. Because strategies for democracy promotion are constitutive of the political relationship with countries, different strategies have different implications for the possibilities of political self-determination. For that reason and because democratisation and hence effective democracy promotion may be beneficial for human development, international peace and national security, strategies that reflect informed appraisal would be an improvement on a defective status quo. The challenges include: more systematic data gathering; innovative ways of comparing the various democracy promotion options; and institutional changes that connect the research findings to the high politics of policy-making.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JC Political theory|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Politics and International Studies|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Democratization -- International cooperation, New democracies, Political science -- Research|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Political Studies|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Official Date:||June 2008|
|Page Range:||pp. 414-434|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
Adesnik, D. and McFaul, M. (2006) 'Engaging Autocratic Allies to Promote Democracy', The Washington Quarterly, 29 (2), 7–26.
Åslund, A. and McFaul, M. (eds) (2006) Revolution in Orange. The Origins of Ukraine's Democratic Breakthrough. Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Bhagwati, J. (1966) The Economics of Underdeveloped Countries. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Brimmer, E. (2005) 'Vigilance: Recognizing the Erosion of Democracy', in M. Halperin and M. Galic (eds), Protecting Democracy. International Responses. Lanham MD: Lexington Books and Council on Foreign Relations, pp. 233–58.
Brown, M. M. (2006) 'Democratic Governance: Linking the Security and Development Agendas', in H. Muñoz (ed.), Democracy Rising. Assessing the Global Challenges. Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner, pp. 17–22.
Browning, R. (1984) 'Evaluation in the ODA: A View from the Inside', Public Administration and Development, 4 (2), 133–39.
Burnell, P. (2005) 'Political Strategies of External Support for Democratization', Foreign Policy Analysis, 1 (3), 361–84.
Burnell, P. (2006) 'Autocratic Opening to Democracy: why legitimacy matters', Third World Quarterly, 27 (4), 545–62.
Carlsson, J., Köhlin, G. and Ekbom, A. (1994) The Political Economy of Aid Evaluation. New York: St Martin's Press.
Carothers, T. (1997) 'Democracy Assistance: The Question of Strategy', Democratization, 4 (3), 109–32.
Carothers, T. (2004) Critical Mission. Essays on Democracy Promotion. Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Carothers, T. (2006) 'Responding to the Democracy Promotion Backlash', Testimony to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing, 8 June 2006. Available from: http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications[Accessed 27 June 2006].
Cracknell, B. (2000) Evaluating Development Aid: Issues, Problems and Solutions. Thousands Oaks CA: Sage.
Crawford, G. (2003) 'Promoting Democracy from Without – Learning from Within (Part II)', Democratization, 10 (2), 1–20.
Dinmore, G. and Stafford, P. (2006) 'Spy Agencies Analyse Role in Global Drive for Democracy', Financial Times, 16 June 2006, p. 7.
Ethier, D. (2003) 'Is Democracy Promotion Effective? Comparing Conditionality and Incentives', Democratization, 10 (1), 99–120.
European Centre for Development Policy Management (2005) Institutional Evaluation of the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy. Available from: http://www.nimd.org[Accessed 10 July 2006].
Finkel, S., Pérez-Liñán, A., Seligson, M. and Azpuru, D. (2006) Effects of US Foreign Assistance on Democracy Building: Results of a Cross-National Quantitative Study. Final Report, USAID, Vanderbilt University and University of Pittsburg. Available from: http://www.usaid.gov[Accessed 15 September 2006].
Green, A. and Kohl, R. (2007) 'Challenges of Evaluating Democracy Assistance: Perspectives from the Donor Side', Democratization, 14 (1), 151–65.
Headey, D. (2006) 'Foreign Aid and Foreign Policy: The Effect of Geopolitics on the Aid-Growth Relationship'. Unpublished paper for UNU-WIDER conference on 'Aid: Principles, Policies and Performance', 16–17 June 2006, Helsinki.
Institute for Multiparty Democracy (2006) 'Havel Supports New European Democracy Foundation'. Available from: http://www.nimd.org[Accessed 1 June 2005].
Kelley, J. (2004) 'International Actors on the Domestic Scene: Membership Conditionality and Socialization by International Institutions', International Organisation, 58 (3), 425–57.
Kelley, J. (2006) 'New Wine in Old Wineskins. Promoting Political Reforms through the New European Neighbourhood Policy', Journal of Common Market Studies, 44 (1), 29–55.
Kosack, S. (2003) 'Effective Aid: How Democracy Allows Development Aid to Improve the Quality of Life', World Development, 31 (1), 1–22.
Levitsky, S. and Way, L. (2005) 'International Linkage and Democratization', Journal of Democracy, 16 (3), 20–34.
Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy (NIMD) (2005) No Lasting Peace and Prosperity without Democracy and Human Rights. Report Commissioned by the European Parliament. The Hague: Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy.
Nye, J. (2005) Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. New York: Public Affairs.
Peceny, M. (1999) 'Forcing Them to be Free', Political Research Quarterly, 52 (3), 549–82.
Pei, M. and Kasper. S. (2003) Lessons from the Past: The American Record on Nation Building. Policy Brief 24. Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Radelet, S., Clemens, M. and Bhavnani, R. (2005) 'Aid and Growth. New Evidence Shows That Aid Flows Aimed at Growth Have Produced Results', Finance and Development, 42 (3), 16–20.
River Path Associates (2005) Review of the Westminster Foundation for Democracy, Final Report. Available from: http://riverpath.com/library/highlight/review-of-the-westminster-foundation-for-democracy[Accessed 11 June 2007].
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (2004) Looking Back, Moving Forward. SIDA Evaluation Manual. Stockholm: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
United Nations Development Programme (2002) Human Development Report 2002: Deepening Democracy in a Fragmented World. New York: UNDP.
US Agency for International Development (2005) At Freedom's Frontiers. A Democracy and Governance Strategic Framework. Washington DC: USAID.
Vachudova, M. (2005) Europe Undivided. Democracy, Leverage and Integration after Communism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Youngs, R. (2003) 'European Approaches to Democracy Assistance: Learning the Right Lessons?', Third World Quarterly, 24 (1), 127–38.
Youngs, R. (2004) Europe's Uncertain Pursuit of Middle East Reform. Paper No. 45 (June). Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Youngs, R. (ed.) (2006) Survey of European Democracy Promotion Policies 2000–2006. Madrid: Fundación par las Relaciones Internacionales y el Diálogo Exterior.
Actions (login required)