Addressing the inverse care law in cardiac services
UNSPECIFIED. (2003) Addressing the inverse care law in cardiac services. JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH MEDICINE, 25 (3). pp. 202-207. ISSN 0957-4832Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdg054
Background Wide variation in rates of angiography and revascularization exist that are not explained by the level of need for these services. The National Service Framework for Coronary Heart Disease has set out a number of standards with the aim of increasing the number of revascularizations and reducing inequalities in access to care. In this study we aimed to investigate inequity in angiography and revascularization rates between the four Primary Care Group (PCG) areas in Camden and Islington Health Authority and to put in place measures to address the problems identified.
Methods Routinely available data were collected on all residents within Camden and Islington Health Authority undergoing angiography, angioplasty (PTCA) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) between 1997 and 2001. These were used to calculate intervention rates per million population for each of the three procedures within each PCG. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with a sample of clinicians to explore their views on the provision of revascularization services within the Health Authority.
Results Angiography and revascularization rates varied widely between the four PCGs. In 2001 there was a two-fold difference for angiography and CABG and a 3.5-fold difference for PTCA. The variations were not explained by a measure of the level of need for these services. The highest rates were in the area with the lowest standardized mortality ratio for coronary heart disease. The interviews identified a number of possible explanations for the variations that related to differences in clinical behaviour at the consultant level and barriers in access to interventional cardiology and cardiac services. Following this research, a further interventional cardiologist appointment is planned, joint protocols of care are being established and barriers to access are being addressed.
Conclusions The new strategic health authorities should make it a priority to assess inequity in the provision of services within their areas, investigate the possible causes and support the primary care trusts to implement plans to address them.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH MEDICINE|
|Publisher:||OXFORD UNIV PRESS|
|Official Date:||September 2003|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 202-207|
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