Contending cultures of counterterrorism: transatlantic divergence or convergence?
Rees, G. Wyn, 1963- and Aldrich, Richard J. (Richard James), 1961-. (2005) Contending cultures of counterterrorism: transatlantic divergence or convergence? International Affairs , Vol.81 (No.5). pp. 905-923. ISSN 0020-5850
WRAP_Aldrich_0672848-240609-00.contendingct.rees.aldrich.9septx.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2005.00494.x
Terrorist attacks on the United States, Spain and the United Kingdom have underlined the differing responses of Europe and the United States to the 'new terrorism'. This article analyses these responses through the prism of historically determined strategic cultures. For the last four years the United States has directed the full resources of a 'national security' approach towards this threat and has emphasized unilateralism. Europe, based on its own past experience of terrorism, has adopted a regulatory approach pursued through multilateralism. These divergences in transatlantic approaches, with potentially major implications for the future of the relationship, have appeared to be mitigated by a revised American strategy of counterterrorism that has emerged during 2005. However, this article contends that while strategic doctrines may change, the more immutable nature of strategic culture will make convergence difficult. This problem will be compounded by the fact that neither Europe nor America have yet addressed the deeper connections between terrorism and the process of globalization.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Politics and International Studies|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Terrorism -- Prevention, Terrorism -- Government policy -- Europe, Terrorism -- Government policy -- United States, War on Terrorism, 2001-, World politics -- 21st century, Terrorism and globalization, Europe -- Foreign relations -- United States, United States -- Foreign relations -- Europe|
|Journal or Publication Title:||International Affairs|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Page Range:||pp. 905-923|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Leverhulme Trust (LT), British Academy (BA)|
Actions (login required)