Exploring alternative theories of economic regionalism: from trade to finance in Asian co-operation?
UNSPECIFIED. (2003) Exploring alternative theories of economic regionalism: from trade to finance in Asian co-operation? REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY, 10 (3). pp. 430-454. ISSN 0969-2290Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0969229032000091611
The financial crises of the late 1990s marked an intellectual watershed for the global economy, and also for regionalism as the Janus face of globalization. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the theory and practice of regional cooperation and integration may evolve along different lines to how it was understood for most of the second half of the twentieth century. In East Asia, in particular, this will mean that the relationship between multilateralism and regionalism will change. The 'East Asian' region will become an increasingly important domain within which to explore enhanced protection against financial crises. What we might call 'monetary regionalism', sceptical western voices notwithstanding, is now firmly on the regional agenda in East Asia.
Within conventional political economy, the theory and practice of monetary regionalism is not as easy to understand as traditional, trade-driven, regional integration. Thus one aim of this paper is to outline a theory of monetary regionalism and demonstrate the degree to which it represents a break with understandings of the regional project in East Asia prior to the late 1990s. From its start in 1989, APEC claimed to be a new type of regionalism. The promise was that APEC would promote open regionalism. APEC did not achieve this goal. Nor did it provide support to its Asian members during the financial crises of the late 1990s.
At the same time, more traditional (what we might call Balassian) understandings of trade-driven regional integration are showing signs of decreasing importance. There is a growing appeal to trade co-operation, but this is notably an increasing interest in bilateral preferential trading arrangements. This leads to a complex picture of competing regional initiatives across the economic policy spectrum. The paper locates these initiatives in the wider context of the growing politico-economic dialogue between Southeast and Northeast Asia that has developed via the ASEAN+3 process since 1997.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
J Political Science > JZ International relations
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
|Journal or Publication Title:||REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY|
|Publisher:||ROUTLEDGE TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD|
|Official Date:||August 2003|
|Number of Pages:||25|
|Page Range:||pp. 430-454|
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