Memory in retroviral quasispecies: Experimental evidence and theoretical model for human immunodeficiency virus
UNSPECIFIED. (2003) Memory in retroviral quasispecies: Experimental evidence and theoretical model for human immunodeficiency virus. Journal of Molecular Biology, 331 (1). pp. 213-229. ISSN 0022-2836Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-2836(03)00661-2
Viral quasispecies may possess a molecular memory of their past evolutionary history, imprinted on minority components of the mutant spectrum. Here we report experimental evidence and a theoretical model for memory in retroviral quasispecies in vivo. Apart from replicative memory associated with quasispecies dynamics, retroviruses may harbour a "cellular" or "anatomical" memory derived from their integrative cycle and the presence of viral reservoirs in body compartments. Three independent sets of data exemplify the two kinds of memory in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The data provide evidence of re-emergence of sequences that were hidden in cellular or anatomical compartments for extended periods of infection, and recovery of a quasispecies from pre-existing genomes. We develop a three-component model that incorporates the essential features of the quasispecies dynamics of retroviruses exposed to selective pressures. Significantly, a numerical study based on this model is in agreement with the experimental data, further supporting the existence of both replicative and reservoir memory in retroviral quasispecies. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Molecular Biology|
|Publisher:||ACADEMIC PRESS LTD ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Official Date:||1 August 2003|
|Number of Pages:||17|
|Page Range:||pp. 213-229|
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