Compressive strength and hydration of wastepaper sludge ash-ground granulated blastfurnace slag blended pastes
UNSPECIFIED (2003) Compressive strength and hydration of wastepaper sludge ash-ground granulated blastfurnace slag blended pastes. CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH, 33 (8). pp. 1189-1202. ISSN 0008-8846Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(03)00042-5
Compressive strength and hydration characteristics of wastepaper sludge ash-ground granulated blastfurnace slag (WSA-GGBS) blended pastes were investigated at a water to binder (w/b) ratio of 0.5. The strength results are compared to those of normal Portland cement (PC) paste and relative strengths are reported. Early relative strengths (I day) of WSA-GGBS pastes were very low but a marked gain in relative strength occurred between I and 7 days and this increased further after 28 and 90 days. For the 50% WSA-50% GGBS blended paste, the strength achieved at 90 days was nearly 50% of that of the PC control paste. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric (TG) analysis were carried out to identify the mineral components in the WSA and the hydration products of WSA and WSA-GGBS pastes. The principal crystalline components in the WSA are gehlenite, calcium oxide, bredigite and alpha'- C2S (stabilised with Al and Mg) together with small amounts of anorthite and calcium carbonate and traces of calcium hydroxide and quartz. The alpha'-C2S and bredigite, which phase separate from liquid phase that forms a glass on cooling, are difficult to distinguish by XRD. The hydration products identified in WSA paste are CH, C(4)AH(13), C(3)A.0.5C (C) over bar .0.5CH.H-11.5 and C-S-H gel plus possible evidence of small amounts Of C(2)ASH(8) and C(3)A.3 CS.H-32. Based upon the findings, a hydration mechanism is presented, and a model is proposed to explain the observed strength development. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
|Journal or Publication Title:||CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH|
|Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Number of Pages:||14|
|Page Range:||pp. 1189-1202|
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