Karmic Darwinism: The emerging alliance between science and religion
UNSPECIFIED. (2002) Karmic Darwinism: The emerging alliance between science and religion. TIJDSCHRIFT VOOR FILOSOFIE, 64 (4). pp. 697-722. ISSN 0040-750XFull text not available from this repository.
I argue that the 21st century will be marked by a realignment of science and religion, which I call the 'anthropic' versus the 'karmic' perspectives. The former is aligned with the major Western religions and was secularized in the 19th century as positivism, with its identification of social science with the religion of humanity. The latter is aligned with the major Eastern religions, but also Epicureanism in the West. It was secularized as the Neo-Darwinian synthese in the 20th century, since when it has made major inroads in wider precincts of normative thought. In this context, I focus specifically on the work of E.O. Wilson, Richard Dawkins, and Peter Singer--all of whom, in somewhat different ways, argue on naturalistic grounds for the removal of humanity's normative privilege. Moreover, the karmic sensibility enjoys somewhat surprising support from postmodern quarters, where anti-humanism tends to be strong. These emerging trends, even when articulated by scientists, have also been associated with a decline in scientific meliorism. Against all this, I argue for a reassertion of the anthropic perspective, mainly by suggesting how monotheists and positivists may join to reinstate the collective project of humanity. A crucial part of the strategy is to regard participation in science as a civic obligation, if not (a la Comte) a religious service.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion|
|Journal or Publication Title:||TIJDSCHRIFT VOOR FILOSOFIE|
|Publisher:||TIJDSCHRIFT VOOR FILOSOFIE|
|Number of Pages:||26|
|Page Range:||pp. 697-722|
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