Synthesis of 18 pi annulenic fluorofullerenes from tertiary carbanions: size matters!
UNSPECIFIED. (2003) Synthesis of 18 pi annulenic fluorofullerenes from tertiary carbanions: size matters! ORGANIC & BIOMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY, 1 (11). pp. 2015-2023. ISSN 1477-0520Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b301820m
A range of tertiary carbanions XCH(CO2Et)(2) of differing sizes have been reacted with C60F18 to assess the steric effect of X on the position of nucleophilic substitution. For X=CO2Et, NO2, P(O)(OMe)(2), SO2CH2Ph, the all trans annulenes (trannulenes) were obtained as a result of extended S(N)2'(i.e. S(N)2") substitution; in the case of the phosphorus compound, with reduced amounts of base (DBU) dephosphonylation of one or more P(O)(OMe)(2) groups by hydrogen occurred. Trannulene formation did not occur for X=F, CN due to the smaller size of the nucleophile, and in the latter case substitution was shown to take place by an S(N)2' mechanism, resulting in the addend being adjacent to a fluorine addend. Trannulenes (X=CO2Et, Br, Cl) exhibited reversible one-electron reductions at potentials (-0.02 to -0.09 V) significantly more positive than for  fullerene. Trannulene (X=NO2) exhibited an irreversible one-electron reduction (0.08 V); the irreversibility may be associated with fluorine loss. Conformational isomerism at temperatures below 298 K was observed for all trannulene derivatives as a result of eclipsing addend-addend interactions. Minimum energy conformations with a rotational energy barrier of 12-15 kcal mol(-1) were observed when these interactions are calculated using molecular mechanics.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||ORGANIC & BIOMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY|
|Publisher:||ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY|
|Date:||13 May 2003|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||pp. 2015-2023|
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