Choice of parametric models in survival analysis: applications to monotherapy for epilepsy and cerebral palsy
UNSPECIFIED (2003) Choice of parametric models in survival analysis: applications to monotherapy for epilepsy and cerebral palsy. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES C-APPLIED STATISTICS, 52 (Part 2). pp. 153-168. ISSN 0035-9254Full text not available from this repository.
In the analysis of medical survival data, semiparametric proportional hazards models are widely used. When the proportional hazards assumption is not tenable, these models will not be suitable. Other models for covariate effects can be useful. In particular, we consider accelerated life models, in which the effect of covariates is to scale the quantiles of the base-line distribution. Solomon and Hutton have suggested that there is some robustness to misspecification of survival regression models. They showed that the relative importance of covariates is preserved under misspecification with assumptions of small coefficients and orthogonal transformation of covariates. We elucidate these results by applications to data from five trials which compare two common anti-epileptic drugs (carbamazepine versus sodium valporate monotherapy for epilepsy) and to survival of a cohort of people with cerebral palsy. Results on the robustness against model misspecification depend on the assumptions of small coefficients and on the underlying distribution of the data. These results hold in cerebral palsy but do not hold in epilepsy data which have early high hazard rates. The orthogonality of coefficients is not important. However, the choice of model is important for an estimation of the magnitude of effects, particularly if the base-line shape parameter indicates high initial hazard rates.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES C-APPLIED STATISTICS|
|Publisher:||BLACKWELL PUBL LTD|
|Number of Pages:||16|
|Page Range:||pp. 153-168|
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