Plasma ghrelin following cure of Helicobacter pylori
UNSPECIFIED. (2003) Plasma ghrelin following cure of Helicobacter pylori. GUT, 52 (5). pp. 637-640. ISSN 0017-5749Full text not available from this repository.
Background: In the Western world, the incidence of oesophageal adenocarcinoma has increased over the last 30 years coinciding with a decrease in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori. Trends of increasing oesophageal adenocarcinoma can be linked causally to increasing gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) which can be linked to an increasingly obese population. However, there is no plausible biological mechanism of association between H pylori, obesity, and GORD. Ghrelin, a peptide produced in the stomach, which regulates appetite, food intake, and body composition, was studied in H pylori positive asymptomatic subjects.
Methods: Plasma ghrelin, leptin, and gastrin were measured for six hours after an overnight fast, before and after cure of H pylori in 10 subjects. Twenty four hour intragastric acidity was also assessed.
Results: After cure, median (95% confidence intervals) integrated plasma ghrelin increased from 1160.5 (765.5-1451) pg/ml x h to 1910.4(1675.6-2395.6) pg/ml x h (p=0.002, Wilcoxon's rank sum test), a 75% increase. This was associated with a 14% increase in 24 hour intragastric acidity (p=0.006) and non-significant changes in leptin and gastrin. There was a significant positive correlation between plasma ghrelin and intragastric acidity (r(s) 0.44, p=0.05, Spearman's rank correlation)
Conclusions: After H pylori cure, plasma ghrelin increased profoundly in asymptomatic subjects. This could lead to increased appetite and weight gain, and contribute to the increasing obesity seen in Western populations where H pylori prevalence is low. This plausible biological mechanism links H pylori, through increasing obesity and GORD, to the increase in oesophageal adenocarcinoma observed in the West.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine|
|Journal or Publication Title:||GUT|
|Publisher:||BRITISH MED JOURNAL PUBL GROUP|
|Official Date:||May 2003|
|Number of Pages:||4|
|Page Range:||pp. 637-640|
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