Light-induced carotenogenesis in Myxococcus xanthus: functional characterization of the ECF sigma factor CarQ and antisigma factor CarR
UNSPECIFIED. (2003) Light-induced carotenogenesis in Myxococcus xanthus: functional characterization of the ECF sigma factor CarQ and antisigma factor CarR. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 48 (1). pp. 237-251. ISSN 0950-382XFull text not available from this repository.
Illumination of dark-grown Myxococcus xanthus with blue light leads to the induction of carotenoid synthesis. Central to this response is the activation of the light-inducible promoter, P (carQRS) , and the transcription of three downstream genes, carQ , carR and carS . Sequence analysis predicted that CarQ is a member of the ECF (extracytoplasmic function) subfamily of RNA polymerase sigma factors, and that CarR is an inner membrane protein. Genetic analysis strongly implied that CarR is an antisigma factor that sequesters CarQ in a transcriptionally inactive complex. Using in vitro transcription run-off assays, we present biochemical evidence that CarQ functions as a bacterial sigma factor and is responsible for transcription initiation at P (carQRS) . Similar experiments using the crtI promoter failed to implicate CarQ in direct transcription of the crtI gene. Experiments using the yeast two-hybrid system demonstrated a protein-protein interaction betweefn CarQ and CarR, providing evidence of a CarQ-CarR complex. The yeast two-hybrid system data also indicated that CarR is capable of oligomerization. Fractionation of M. xanthus membranes with the detergent sarkosyl showed that CarR was associated with the inner membrane. Furthermore, CarR was found to be unstable in illuminated stationary phase cells, providing a possible mechanism by which the CarR-CarQ complex is disrupted.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QR Microbiology
|Journal or Publication Title:||MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY|
|Publisher:||BLACKWELL PUBLISHING LTD|
|Official Date:||April 2003|
|Number of Pages:||15|
|Page Range:||pp. 237-251|
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